ADDICTION STUDY 1
Addictionis defined as a compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli regardlessof any adverse consequences. It is a reward system of such behaviors.Various people suffer from different addictions. Example ofaddictions include, Internet addiction (social media and pornographyaddiction), sexual intercourse addiction and drug addiction (Robbins& Everitt, 1999). Drug addiction is seen as one of the mostdifficult scourge to fight. Drug addicts suffer biologically as wellas socially, as they become fixated to the abuse of such drugs intheir daily lives (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2012).
Drugaddiction is a complex biological disease and has more repercussionsthan benefits. The drugs alter the brain’s natural system andcompromise the addict’s program since the withdrawal from suchbehaviors is difficult. It is a common notion that “drug addictsshould be able to stop substance abuse easily.” Most peopleunderestimate the intricacies of drug addiction. However, it is adisease that greatly impacts the brain, and so, stopping the abuse isnot a matter of willpower only. Over many years of scientificresearch studies, drug addiction has been understood, and successfultreatment programs have been established (National Institute on DrugAbuse, 2012). Moreover, treatment programs do not follow a singleroutine. Numerous treatment plans are used to bring the addict into anormal state. It also takes such a long time, and thus many addictstend to withdraw within their treatment progress. Therefore, itrequires dedication and motivation. It is an expensive routine whichrequires the purchase of recommended drugs and a visit torehabilitation centers. Usually, the cost of treatment is expensivethan sustaining the drug addiction, and this means that substanceabuse is cheaper than maintaining a treatment program. Therefore,such addicts tend to from their treatment plans. The street value ofa drug is maybe expensive than the cost of prescribed medicine in achemist or a pharmacy (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2012).
Involvementin recovery programs should be associated with positive outcomesamong drug addicts. For such routines to be beneficial, entry intotreatment is key. However, entry into treatment is a major problem inmost settings. The psychological state of the addicts, and basics oftheir lifestyles and treatment system dynamics tend to function asbarriers to successful recovery. Lack of knowledge and awareness isalso a major obstacle in recovery plan. A large section of drugaddicts lack the necessary knowledge linked to substance abuse. Thecommunity is also unaware of the far-reaching consequences of havingdrug addicts in their wake for productivity. Public policy shouldalso be blamed for poor or slowed treatment plans, as manyindividuals dealing with drug abuse face incarceration instead of asupport treatment strategy. Such policies are not tailored to theunique needs of these addicts (National Institute on Drug Abuse,2012).
Substanceabuse and addiction has led to widespread consequences for theconcerned individuals and the society at large. The consequencesinclude productivity and health-and-crime-related costs. The NationalInstitute on Drug Abuse estimates that the cost of substance abusehas exceeded $600 Billion on an annual basis. However, this figuredoes not reflect on the destruction of public health and safetyimplications of drug abuse and addiction. The drug menace has broughtabout the disintegration of families, school failure and subsequentdrop-out, rise in domestic violence, child abuse and loss ofemployment as well (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2012).Therefore, it is regional problem that involves almost everyone.First of all, corruption is the driving factor in substance abuse andaddiction. Many drugs enter through porous border points with theinvolvement of security officers, and through the traffic systems andeventually into homes. Consequently, fighting corruption is the firstand significant step in fighting the drug issue. This will involve astrong judicial system that takes severe punitive measures to corruptofficers and systems.
Asolid network between the policy makers and healthcare stakeholdersshould be developed so as to meet a unique treatment plan instead ofsubjecting drug addicts to court systems and subsequentincarceration.
NationalInstitute on Drug Abuse. (2012). Retrieved 6 March, 2106, fromhttps://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-abuse-addiction
Robbins,T. W., & Everitt, B. J. (1999). Drug addiction: bad habits addup.Nature, 398(6728),567-570.