Advocacy and Crisis Intervention

Advocacyand Crisis Intervention

Advocacyand Crisis Intervention

PsychologicalConsequences of Sexual Traumaby Yuan, Koss, and Stone reviews the current studies on the effectsof child and adulthood sexual victimization on women’s mentalwellbeing. It also presents the findings of understudied communitiesand risk factors for mental issues among victims. However, theauthors discuss the childhood and adulthood sexual violence asseparate subjects since sexual violence in childhood is associatedwith psychological problems experienced in adulthood (Yuan, Koss, &ampStone, 2006, p. 1).

Thearticle finds that the survivors of childhood sexual trauma areusually at a higher risk of suffering from Posttraumatic StressDisorder (Yuan, Koss, &amp Stone, 2006, p. 2). The survivors arelikely to suffer from depression, alcohol, eating disorders,developmental processes such ability to form and maintainrelationships later during adulthood. Moreover, extreme experiencesof victimization are also associated with symptoms of borderlinepersonality disorders, which are characterized by unstable mood,suicidal tendencies, and paranoid personality disorder (Yuan, Koss, &ampStone, 2006, p. 3).

Theinformation is very helpful because advocates can use it to trainmore providers in specialized therapeutic approaches to sexualtrauma. Furthermore, it has information that supports efforts toplace pressure on the formal mental health system to work incollaboration with other public systems such as legal, medical, andlaw enforcement to minimize the possibility of subsequentvictimization. The article can also be used to support improvementsthat would help guarantee continued financial support for rape crisiscenters and other violence-related services (Yuan, Koss, &amp Stone,2006, p. 6).

However,the study has limitations in the methodology due to the controversiesarising from inconsistent findings on the explanations of differentexperiences among children survivors (Yuan, Koss, &amp Stone, 2006,p. 4). Besides, there is little information on the impacts of sexualvictimization in childhood and adulthood among women fromunderstudied communities. Therefore, there is a need for furtherresearch on how the diverse areas of research, practice, and publicpolicy can collaborate to combine resources and coordinate activitiesacross these settings to maximize the efforts to reduce sexualviolence (Yuan, Koss, &amp Stone, 2006, p. 6). Moreover, theinformation is vital when educating the community on properresponsiveness, reducing stigma and increasing awareness of availableresources for survivors.


Yuan,N. P., Koss, M. P., and Stone, M. (2006). The PsychologicalConsequences of Sexual Trauma. NationalResource Center on Domestic Violence,1-11.