An analysis of social power during the colonial period

Ananalysis of social power during the colonial period

Duringthe colonial period it is evident that different interactions wereexperienced based on the regions as well as economics, politics andsocial factors. Colonialism was marked with mistreatment of thenatives as the colonists contended frantically for land andresources. This meant that the need for people to work on the farmswas increasing and thus the start of the slave trade which sawmillions of Africans taken into the colonies.

Duringcolonization, the colonies were suppressed and thus the colonistswould put in place their own system of governance which was formed bythe elite and Monarchies. However the colonial population was made upof a complicated structure in terms of beliefs, cultures and socialgroups. So intense was the interaction thereof, that the coloniesvowed to rebel and fight for their freedom even unto death asdepicted by Miantinomo and Acuera. Columbus provides his experienceon his first voyage in 1943. In this document, the interactiondepicted is one where the Spanish enticed them with goodies to wintheir trust. Other Colonists, specifically the European colonistsestablished the Massachusetts body of Liberties which has beenidentified as one of the most protective and supportive bodies ofboth human and individual rights.

Gainingcontrol of the economy and the successful conversion of the coloniesreligion were the social aspects that colonists influenced to ensurepolitical order was maintained. In one instance, the increased socialand economic control and subsequent oppression led to the Bacon’sRebellion Declaration which was aimed at empowering the people. Insome situations the colonists had to employ the use of treatiesespecially between the Indians and the Europeans. The use ofdiplomatic means were helpful in gaining the political control ofcertain regions. The Mayflower compact for example involved legalagreement between the pilgrims and the English which allowed theestablishment of a temporary self-government. However. These treatiesdid not come without a price as they are part of the factors that ledto the success of the revolutions.

Differencebetween Spanish, French and English colonization

TheSpanish are known to have been the most powerful Monarchy especiallyin Europe and Americas. Their objectives were enthroned on enrichingtheir own selves and they therefore engaged in the slavery of theindigenous population who were involved in gold and silver mining andagriculture. In addition the Spanish also tried to bring into thecolonies the aspect of religion specifically Catholic religion. TheFrench on the other hand did not engage in enslavement. Rather, theyutilized the presence of tribal rivalries to their advantage. In thisway they were able to engage in trade while at the same timeinvolving the native intermediaries of the exchanges. In terms ofReligion, the French used more effective means to convert thecolonies which included allowing converted people to trade withmuskets. Much unlike the Spanish and the French, the British hadlimited resources on their way and therefore their focus was mainlyto expand their empire. They ensured that their land was properlyused for farming. One peculiar characteristic of the British is thatone of the factors that drove colonization is the migration to thenew world in order to escape religious persecutions. Unlike othercolonies, the British also set up small governments within theircolonies and their settlement was more of a long term deal.

References

Dinardo,D. (2013, September 13). Compareand Contrast the British, French and Spanish Empires.Retrieved from Prezi:https://prezi.com/demkfm–4i3p/compare-and-contrast-the-british-french-and-spanish-empires/