Anomie Theory




Theconcept of anomie implies the deficiency of usual moral or communalstandards. According to Durkheim, the foundation of one`s interactionwith others was collapsing and as a result, people were incapable ofdetermining ones’ actions towards others. Durkheim alleged thatanomie was a condition where the prospects of conduct are uncertain,and the structure has stopped. Normlessness is the term referring tosuch a condition. Durkheim argued that this normlessness resulted inunexpected behaviors. Durkheim`s theory was founded on the conceptthat the absence of regulations and transparency caused the mentalcondition of insignificance, obstruction, lack of purpose, andhopelessness. Additionally, due to the lack of the idea of what isseen as appropriate, to struggle for anything would be in vain(Lilly, Cullen &amp Ball, 2015).

Incriminology, the concept of anomie is that the individual opts forcriminal actions since he or she does not see any reason not to dosuch deeds. This implies that such individuals feel isolated, feelsvalueless, and that their struggles to attempt and attain anyobjective are unproductive. Hence, with the absence of any likelypositive option, the individuals fall into illegal deeds.

Goalsmay become so significant that if they follow the properlyestablished ways, ways tolerable and conferring to the morals of theculture fail, unlawful methods might be applied. Greater emphasis onresults instead of methods forms a stress that leads to a failure inthe governing structure, that is, anomie. For example, if a societyurged its people to gain prosperity yet presented insufficient waysfor them to do so, the stress would force the majority of the peopleto go against rules. The only controlling interventions would be theaspiration for individual benefit and the distress of punishment.Social behavior would hence become undeterminable. Therefore, bydefinition range of reactions to anomie ranges from conventionalityto social invention, ritualism, withdrawals, and lastly rebellion.Law-breaking, criminality, and suicide are usually responses toanomie (Lilly, Cullen &amp Ball, 2015).


LillyR., Cullen, F., &amp Ball, R. (2015). Criminologicaltheory: Context and consequences.Washington, DC: Sage.