Childhoodobesity is a medical condition that affects children when their bodyweight goes above the normal weight. An abnormal BMI is the mostreliable way of determining whether a kid is suffering from obesity(Mayo Clinic 1). is mainly caused by lifestylefactors (such as lack of physical exercise and consumption of morethan required quantities of calories per day.
Thecommon types of risk factors for childhood obesity include poor diet,the lack of exercise, family factors, socioeconomic factors, andpsychological factors. However, diet and the lack of adequateexercise are the most common factors that increase the risk ofcontracting childhood obesity. For example, studies have shown thatit is only about 20 % of the children undertake vigorous exercise perweek, while over 30 % of the children watch TV program for more than2 hours per day (Mersch 2). This implies that over 80 of the childrenare at a high risk of suffering from obesity. The increase in thepopularity of fast foods and the marketing campaigns that targetchildren subject children to the risk of obesity. Although geneticpredisposition is still under-researched, available findings indicatethat children of an obese parent are three times more likely tosuffer from obesity.
Treatmentof childhood obesity is achieved by putting the affected childrenwith obesity under a weight maintenance program. Extreme cases mayrequire the guidance of health care professionals and counselors whohelp the affected children eat healthy foods, consume the requiredquantities and engage in physical exercise (Mayo Clinic 1). Thisimplies that childhood obesity is mainly corrected through the changeof eating behavior and increasing physical exercise.
Inconclusion, childhood affects millions of children globally, but themain risk factors are poor eating behaviors and the lack of adequateexercise. Most of the risk factors can be prevented, but the geneticpredisposition is beyond the control of the health careprofessionals.
MayoClinic. . MayoClinic.2015. Web. 7 March 2016.
Mersch,J. . MedicineNet.2015. Web. 7 March 2016.