Debate:Gestalt Therapy versus Person-Centered Perspective
Debate:Gestalt Therapy versus Person-Centered Perspective
Thefirst section of this debate provides an overview of the differencesbetween Gestalt therapy and person-centered perspectives. A Gestalttherapy is an experimental or existential mode of psychotherapy asdescribed by Fritz, Laura, and Paul, that mostly emphasizes onpersonal responsibility and experience in the present situations–client-therapist relationships in terms of social contexts, theenvironment, and a person’s life. A person-centered therapy is alsoknown as client-centered therapy or the Rogerian psychotherapy(Ciccarelli& White, 2012).
Thisdebate involves two psychologists, Joel and Harry, explaining the twotheories and their importance. They will explain and compare the twotherapy models. Joel is from the Gestalt Therapy perspective whileHarry is from the Person-centered therapy perspective.
Questionone: Describe the meaning of the therapy you trust and whoseoperations you trust
Mr.Joel:Good morning everyone? My name is Joel and I strongly believe andtrust the Gestalt therapy perspective. This type of therapy is anexperimental or existential mode of psychotherapy. It emphasizespersonal responsibility and focuses on the individuals experience inthe present times in the society. Additionally, the therapy mostlyfocuses on the therapist to client relationship as being essential.Environmental and human contexts of a person’s life play asignificant role in this. Lastly, the Gestalt therapy examines thoseself-regulating adjustments that all people make as an outcome of theoverall situation. The therapy was developed by Laura Peris, FritzPeris and Paul Goodman between 1940s and 1950s.
Mr.Harry: Goodmorning? My Name is Harry, a strong believer in the Person-centeredtherapy perspective. Person-centered therapy is also referred to asperson-centered psychotherapy. This type of therapy is a mode of talkpsychotherapy that came into existence after a development by apsychologist named Carl Rogers in the early 19th century. The goal ofa person-centered therapy is to help in the provision of the patientswith prospects to advance a feeling of self. This opportunity wouldwork such that the patients can realize their feelings, attitudes andbehavior negatively affected and then make a strategized effort tofind the truth and a positive potential towards the negativity(Al-Anani,2014).The therapy is essential since it provides the therapists with anon-judgmental environment and empathy for the patient. By doing allthese, a patient can figure out a solution to the problems at hand.
Andthe first question to the therapists: A woman that has beenphysically and verbally abused by her husband for some few months.She wants you as a therapist to give a determination of what sheshould do next. What would be your response?
Mr.Joel:First, I would introduce a straight talk and tell the patient thatfirst she needs to prioritize her mission to accomplish. The ladyneeds to have a determination of if she wants to make a decisionabout why she allowed the situation to happen in the first place.Secondly, I would continue at length to talk about a situation thataffects her psychologically. I would like to know what she ought todo in the present time and for the future. Gestalt therapy is astrategized approach that is very holistic, involving the mind,culture, and body. I would give the patient an idea of how to viewher situation in these terms. Secondly, I would advise the patientabout the greatest focus should on the here and now indicating thepresent moments. The formulation of the issue is leaving the currentsituation and leads a better environment.
Mr.Harry:In contacting my colleague’s issues, I would first tell the patientthat my goal in the psychological process is making sure that she isfeeling comfortable talking with me and sharing her issues much morein details and making her know that she knows that she will not bejudged. Following this, I would tell her that no timetable is presentfor the sorting out the issues and the feelings affected. I wouldintervene by first asking the lady to explain how it started at thefirst time and the extent of the situation in the recent time. Iwould continue by allowing her to explain the events transpiring hereover the few months and the current feelings towards the situation. Iwould ask her to get involved in the process as a friend so that wewould solve the situation together to help her situation becomepositive rather than being negative.
Thethird question: A man comes requesting to know how he should handlethe balance of his personal financial goals. The man has a full-timejob, and making a minimum wage though he is not able to support hisfamily needs adequately and the wife wants him to look for anotherjob but the problem is with the minimal amount of the part time jobcauses great tension between his wife and wife.
Mr.Joel:Once I get all the exact details from the patient, I would tell himthat there is one major strategy towards the addressing the dilemma.I would tell the man to answer the following query honestly. Whichone is more important: a job with minimal responsibility or familymatters? After answering that, he should continue working at hiscurrent job or look for a higher-paying job.
Mr.Harry: Istrongly disagree with Mr. Joel, on two levels. One is the simplesituation by telling the man that he has done nothing contrary anddetermination as to how his job and family bring him happiness.Secondly, it is about having a positive balance in professional andpersonal life that matters. I would utilize the chair techniqueduring the session by giving the patient a chance to talk with hiswife, drawing on her comments, and trying to strike some compromise.I would finally allow him to tell his wife that being happy andprofessional allows happiness in the success of his personal life.
Thelast question: Give a conclusion on the perspective you believe.
Mr.Joel:I would put caution to my colleague that without allowing the twopatients to accept responsibility for their actions he does notaddress essential issues but rather he explores the patient’sfeelings without a plan or structure that does not result in answersbut to confusion and lack of success.
Mr.Harry:While my good colleague has contrasting opinions about the therapy, Iwould state that his strict discipline and judgment would only makepatients feel that they must please the therapist rather than feelthat the therapist pleasing the patient through desirable outcomes.The patients should know that they have a judgment-free environmentfor true results to be experienced.
Al-Anani,H. (2014). The Relationship between Parental Abuse and PsychologicalSafety of the Children at the City of Amman and the Central Valleysof Jordan. InternationalEducation Studies,8(1).http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ies.v8n1p46
Ciccarelli,S., & White, J. (2012). Psychology.Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.