Designing a data collection and sampling method for Patient falls

Designinga data collection and sampling method for Patient falls

Designinga data collection and sampling method for Patient falls

Descriptionof the population

The population targeted are patients suffering from falls inhealthcare institutions. The population for study would be thosereadily available in the healthcare institutions and can be observed(Hempel et al., 2013). The population would be all the patients whoare likely to suffer from falling in healthcare institutions.

Eligibility,inclusion and exclusion criteria

The population to be studied would be patients who are at a high riskof suffering from the patient fall.

For the patientsto be included in the study, they must be of the age of sixty andabove, must be suffering from any chronic illness. Both sexes wouldbe included in the study, and there is no discrimination inethnicity. The exclusion criteria would be those not having thecharacteristics not be included.

Samplingbias

In choosing the sample, men have a little chance of being selectedsince they are less likely to suffer much from the same.

Samplingdesign

The probability sampling method would be applied where the patientsfalling will be identified randomly it serves to give every memberan equal chance of being collected.

Samplingmethod

Stratifiedsampling method will be applied such that patients will be divided bygender and picked randomly for study.

Samplesize

The sample size will be ninety patients who will be selected fromdifferent healthcare organizations.

Implementationmethod

Due process will be followed including seeking approval from theethics committee and getting permission from the healthcareinstitution administrators. Consent will be sought from the patientsselected before the research is initiated. Nurses will be engaged inthe process as they too are stakeholders (Papastavrou, Andreou &ampEfstathiou, 2014).

Datacollection

Data will be collected through observation and the findings recordedfor further analysis. Analysis can be conducted by the availableelectronic means (Mei, Marquard, Jacelon &amp DeFeo, 2013)

Reliabilityand validity of data collection and research design

The method of observation and recording is reliable since it can berepeated with other researchers and results almost consistent to thesame found. The validity of the data collection draws from the factthat the findings would be a close representation of the number ofpatient falls.

References

Hempel, S.,Newberry, S., Wang, Z., Booth, M., Shanman, R., Johnsen, B., … &ampGanz, D. A.

(2013). Hospitalfall prevention: a systematic review of implementation, components,

adherence, andeffectiveness. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,61(4), 483-494.

Mei, Y. Y.,Marquard, J., Jacelon, C., &amp DeFeo, A. L. (2013). Designing andevaluating an

electronic patientfalls reporting system: Perspectives for the implementation of health

informationtechnology in long-term residential care facilities. internationaljournal of

medicalinformatics, 82(11), e294-e306.

Papastavrou, E.,Andreou, P., &amp Efstathiou, G. (2014). Rationing of nursing careand nurse–

patient outcomes: asystematic review of quantitative studies. The Internationaljournal

of healthplanning and management, 29(1), 3-25.