Empirically Supported Treatments for Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Symptoms

EmpiricallySupported Treatments for Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive and RelatedSymptoms

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EmpiricallySupported Treatments for Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive, and RelatedSymptoms

EmpiricallySupported Treatment is a set of guidelines that allow for conclusionson whether therapeutic interventions lead to any alterations abovethe causal effect of factors like the passage of time or placebowhich were initially thought to be solutions to mental disorders.ESTs are therefore new intervention methods for management ofpsychiatric conditions In this paper I will discuss two symptoms ofpsychiatric conditions. Specifically, I will address the symptoms ofneuropsychological disorders which include Anxiety,Obsessive-Compulsive, and Related Symptoms.

Anxiety,Obsessive-Compulsive and other Related Disorders

TheDSM-5 describes different symptoms in mental disorder and Anxiety,Obsessive-compulsive and related symptoms. In anxiety disorders, thepanic attack became one of the specifiers, as suggested by Wakefield(2013), which constitute some of the mentioned disorders. With Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, the DSM-5 developed fourdifferent symptoms, which include excoriation, hoarding,substance-induced, and other disorders related to certain medicalconditions (Shedler, 2012). The disorder would also lead to symptomssuch as the injury of self and infliction of pain.

TheDSM-5 task force had the responsibility of conducting research on thedifferent symptoms of mental disorders and categorizing them (Black &ampGrant, 2014). Some of these symptoms can be treated or controlledusing the EST.Anxietydisorders are cured with medication, particular forms ofpsychotherapy, or both (Clark &amp Becky, 2010). Forms ofpsychotherapy which are useful for management of anxiety symptoms arecognitive and developmental therapies.

Theelectroconvulsive therapy can be used for the treatment of obsessiveand compulsive disorders. Psychotherapy is operational as a treatmentmethod for the anxiety disorders as patients are taken through a stepby step reformation process (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).Due to the amount of time needed to dedicate to psychotherapy, anindividual may give up in the process. Electroconvulsive therapy, onthe other hand, is much safer, faster, and works where other forms oftreatment have failed in treating obsessive-compulsive and relateddisorders. However, severe mental illness has side effects such asloss of memory and physical side effects such as muscle pain.

References

Black,D. W., &amp Grant, J. E. (2014). DSM-5TM guidebook the essential companion to the Diagnostic andstatistical manual of mental disorders (5thed.)., Washington,DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

AmericanPsychiatric Association. (2013).&nbspDiagnosticand statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®).New York, NY.

Clark,D. A., &amp Beck, A. T. (2010). Cognitivetherapy of the anxiety disorders: The Science and Practice.New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Shedler,J. (2012). The Efficacy of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. PsychodynamicPsychotherapy Research,9-25. AmPsychol. 201065(2):98–109.

Wakefield,J. C. (2013). The DSM-5 debate over the bereavement exclusion:Psychiatric diagnosis and the future of empirically supportedtreatment. ClinicalPsychology Review,33(7),825-845.