Environmentalassessment is an integral component of planning which is used formaking sound decisions. The Nova Scotia in Canada is a place of highvalue on the environment, and many decisions are being made to ensurethat the many developments do not adversely impact it. There arecertain problems which are concerned with the environment, andtherefore, people should focus on the growth of modern society whichmakes proper use of the land. The environmental assessment will,therefore, offer every citizen the opportunity to get involved in theenvironmental review of development projects at a large scale(Gardner, H. 2016).
Theenvironmental assessment and review process was initiated in 1973 asa cabinet policy and in 1995, the Canadian Act (CEAA) was also started. In 2012, the CEAA was then re –visited.The Act was used to ensure that the proposal which will be chosenwill be able to cause significant changes to the environment. Theassessment process involves several steps such as-
Specifying the goals and objectives of the proposal
Identifying an alternative for attaining the objectives
Prediction of the effects of each alternative
Evaluation of the impacts within the framework of the objectives
Making of decisions
Implementation of the decisions and following up
Theproposed objectives should be scrutinized in advance from theviewpoint of the effects they can cause to the environment. Duringthe implementation of the ideas, some challenging questions willarise, and those concerned should not diverge from their opinionabout the assessment process.
Duringdecision making pertaining the environmental assessment, it should bebased on factors. Which activities does the environmental assessmentapply? Either public, private, small or large operations. If thereare plans, policies or programs that are associated with the physicalresults. There should be an initiator, independent body or aconsultant who will carry out the assessment. There should be a scopeof the project which should be related to any physical work,modification, operation and any proposed construction. The authorityconcerned is responsible for selecting the scope of the projectdepending on the assessment to be carried out. A generous and liberaldetermination of the scope of the project will result in a broaderassessment of the environment,(Gardner, H. 2016). A narrower approachmainly confines the field which is associated with the assessment.The undertakings should be related to the physical work in which theproponent also proposes the opinion of the authority who isresponsible has to be related to the physical work of the project(Gibson, R. B. 2012).
Underthe CEEA, some factors to be considered in the EnvironmentalAssessment had to be determined by the authority in charge. In 2010,the Supreme Court of Canada addressed important point of contention,and it stipulated that a comprehensive study will be mandatory if theproject proposed is listed in the Act,(Olszynski, M. 2015). Theproject should apply in the nonexistence of the context to thedivergent. The minister has the judgment to enlarge the project’sscope when he is required by the conditions of the project.
The report will compose of some issues whichwill require reviewing. Some measures have to be considered to ensurethe activity of assessment is carried out to the expectations. Theproposed activity should have a procedure for the site selection andbe accompanied by a statement as to why the proposed site had to beselected. There should be a good description of the activity andpoints supporting its establishment. Environmental impacts associatedwith the activity should be considered this include the positives andnegatives. Other effects can be economical, social and cultural. Theconsiderations should be regional, spatial and temporal concerningthe area of activity and an existing baseline environmental conditionshould be identified. There should be plans that will be developed toalleviate the negative results that will be noted in conducting theassessment.
Planswill have to be developed to monitor or predict some of the impactsthat are likely to occur to the environment. During the assessment,there is a likely hood that some effects may happen unpredictably,and therefore, one should have contingency plans to solve suchissues. The plans should be able to attain waste minimization fromthe environment or allow recycling. Consideration should be made toissues concerning human health. This will ensure that the arriveddecisions do not affect humans. To arrive at the best decisions, oneshould have alternatives for the activity proposed. The alternativesshould be a two way that is whether or not to proceed with theactivity. The plans involved should aim at minimizing the release ofsubstances that are not environmental friendly. The project proponentshould have a manner of implementing a program of consultation forthe public on carrying out of the project.
Conclusively,the agency in the situation of decision making has to apply someterms and conditions which will be responsible for conducting anenvironmental assessment.
Gardner,H. (2016). Effective Consultation and Participation in EnvironmentalAssessment and Land Use Planning: Advancing Sustainable Developmentin a Remote First Nations Community in Northern Ontario, Canada.
Gibson,R. B. (2012). In full retreat: the Canadian government`s newenvironmental assessment law undoes decades of progress. ImpactAssessment and Project Appraisal, 30(3),179-188.
Olszynski,M. (2015). for Planning and Disclosure Tool:Greenpeace Canada v. Canada (Attorney General) 2014 Fc 463. DalhousieLaw Journal (Forthcoming, Spring 2015).
Therivel,R., & Paridario, M. R. (2013). Thepractice of strategic environmental assessment.Routledge.