Food Desert Research Proposal

FoodDesert Research Proposal



Afood desert is among the significant challenges in Chicago.Low-income areas are extremely impacted by the unavailability ofhealthy fresh nourishment choices, and peoples are living in themexcessively undergo from diet-connected sicknesses. Other researchershave widely investigated the connection between limited access tohealthy diet and value of well-being in the city of Chicago and theyhave proven the existence of a significant association betweenwelfare and nutrition availability in Chicago’s societies. Thetarget of this research is to examine the nutrition accessibility forparticular areas on Chicago’s South Side, and similarly, avail acomplete, detailed investigation, both qualitative and quantitative,of Chicago’s food desert problem to the available literature thatmainly involves quantitative information and city-wide evaluations.The research concentrates on the matters related to the food desertin by investigating the connection between food obtainability,demographics, markets, values, and well-being. The survey methodapplied includes market basket investigation, source foodrepresentation, target groups, and interviews to examine the changesof nutrition availability in three South Side areas in Chicago:Washington Park, Greater Englewood and Gage Park. The objective ofthe study is to suggest the strategy recommendations which, ifexecuted would reduce the impact of their similar challenges withfood obtainability, and, as a result, help in offering providinganswers to Chicago’s composite food desert disaster.

FoodDeserts: An Outline

Inthis research, the food desert in investigated from threeperspectives:

1.Lack of Geographical obtainability to nutritious food choices.

2.Lack of sufficient money to buy or cook healthy nutritious food.

3.Lack of Social obtainability: cultural and taste partialities thatinhibit healthy nutrition consumption.

Effectsof food desert

Thereis co-relation among poor food options and poor health results,especially in the form of nutrition-related diseases. An example ofsuch sickness is cardiovascular disease, is presently on of theleading causes of death in the U.S.

Low-incomeareas are extremely impacted by both unavailability of nutritiousfood choices and increased occurrences of diet-connected diseases,with low-income African American areas most underprivileged. In thisproject, the connection between nutritious food choices andnutritious food selections are examined. What they indicate throughphysical availability is an important cause of nutritious foodoptions, other aspects, particularly earnings and perception alsocontribute.

Reasonsfor the existence of food desert

Thecurrent food deserts are consequences of the grounded challenges ofpolitics, community rules, and social organizations, whichdeliberately or accidentally caused in the eventual elimination ofinhabitants from the fundamental resources or representation requiredto safeguard accessibility. Arising from these failures, it is foundfood deserts stands for a fair result of two essential aspects: anecessity for and availability of nutritious foods. Demand-sidecauses comprise habitats’ low earnings high costs of nutritiousfood choices low suitability concerning nutrition preparation andsocietal and perception favorites, leading to the reduced necessityof nutritious food and increased the need for fast food inunprivileged areas. Supply-side causes comprise reduced client basereduced areas income increased functional expenditures increasedsafety threat and charges and sometimes unproductive common by lawand the unavailability of a significant adjoining vacancy in thecentral urban, all causing increased prices to vendors and cheapstock of nutritious food(Silverman, 2011).

Examplesof food desert policies

• NewMarket Tax Credits

• FoodDesert Oasis Act

• SupermarketTax Exemption Act

• IncentivizingLink card

TheWalmart Question

Thegrowing concentration concerning lawmakers concentrated on thecapability of Walmart to offer cheap, healthy food choices inlow-income areas. However, such bylaws concepts have customarily beenchallenged by minor merchants who claim that they are incapable ofcompeting with the enormous merchandizing and competing would meanincreased unemployment in the area. The labor movements are lawfullyworried that the influx of additional Walmart stores could reducelabor values in the city. According to the research, although thelegitimacy of these opinions, the planned primer of some of WalmartSupercenters in some areas may offer a possible if an incompleteresolution to the food obtainability-connected aspects varioussocieties encounters.


Themethod applied concentrated on investigating the food availabilityfeatures of the four neighborhoods on the different perspectives,involving literature review, base market evaluation, origin fooddivisions, survey regulations and qualitative research like targetgroups, first informed dialogues, and opinions. For the need of theconveniences, they were categorized into eight categories, with eachclass assuming has particular ways by which to access features offood availability, obtainability, and worth for areas under scrutiny.The three selected different areas to scrutinize conferring to theirspecific demographics and the strictness of their food availabilitycircumstances. The areas were selected on a various basis. Forinstance, Washington Park was chosen since it has been customarilycategorized as a food desert. Greater Englewood was chosen since itwas categorized as a “food desert” comprising minor “foodoases,” or an expanse described by a central focus of healthy foodsuppliers bounded by a comparatively simple and unproductive foodatmosphere. Gage Park is chosen since it was categorized as anon-food desert by several news, and was not just classified as anon-food desert, but still contained a mainly Hispanic populace. Byselecting the four areas with different food desert and no desertsceneries, it is expected that an equivalent examination of theseareas would give perception into how each area’s particularvariances linked to food obtainability and permit to improve decidewhich strategies would be suitable and appropriate to an extensiverange of situations.

Comparisonof three areas in Chicago


Itis African-American area with slow development due to the existenceof white plight leading to unemployment and abject scarcity. Todaythe area encounters various difficulties among them being mobviolence, killings, drug trafficking, early childbirth and lack offood. Food obtainability is determined by transportation anddistribution of income leading to rise of two categories of people,that is, those who can afford healthy food varieties and those whocannot. The research concentrates on supply-side and demand-sidehindrances that inhibit fresh food and more food range from inflowingto the society. For example, the shortage of high-quality fruit andvegetable options in the area encourages consumers to escape them,minimizing demand and making food suppliers to store with more good,and less healthy, substitutes.


Itis a society with average earnings just a several thousand dollarsbeyond the poverty mark. Mainly African American, it encountered aradical decrease in population concentration with the terminating ofthe Taylor Homes in 2007, denying businesspeople the customer baseessential for successful small enterprises. Dispersed apartmenthouses function as a decent society and communal centers, althoughthe area is mainly inhabited. Few indigenous suitability provisionsoccupy the area, and none of them stock a bulk quantity or diversityof foodstuff, and all of which charge costs more than those innon-food desert parts. The domestic suitability supplies are usuallypossessed and run by Arab-Americans, generating stiffness with theAfrican American inhabitants who are sad with the worth and charge ofthe foodstuffs sold.


Itis a mainly Hispanic, average earners area. The research disclosesthat inhabitants feel full communal might, and show worriesconcerning security and safety challenges. Though there are severalbig supermarkets, with the existence of a significant figure of minorcultural provisions, Gage Park is not considered a food desert.Still, these minor rules charge comparatively high costs forlow-quality food stuff, so the majority of the inhabitants evadethese provisions when potential and go outside of Gage Park to buy.According to occupants interrogated, earnings and charges admittanceare more significant than physical admission. Fast food is not apopular choice, with the majority of inhabitants choosing home-cookedfoods. Specifically, the charge was recorded as the primary importantaspect in food options, second being food worth.


Whenconducting the research, the understanding of how participants fromsocieties, academies, and administration agencies theorize, practice,and effort to offset admission food aspects at the nationwide, state,and resident intensities. The result involved the analysis of earlierresearch together with current strategies and imaginations still inthe grounding stages. The most hunted, however, was an interesting,detailed, multi-method examination of how different personscomprehend and practice admittance food aspects at the customerstages in their area settings, a certainty that sensed lacked fromthe available writings. By appealing to inhabitants of Chicago’sSouth Side through attention crowds, main informer conversations, andassessments and by involving with their substantial surroundings, theresearch gives serious perceptions into the very social predicamentsencountered not just by food desert inhabitants, but also by the restwho tussle to obtain healthy, worth foodstuffs, whether because ofoldness, capability, monetary concerns, carriage complications, oranxiety of fierceness and criminality.


Silverman,B. (2011). Desertfood chains.Chicago, Ill.: Heinemann Library.