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IntimateApparel: Sources to Intimacy

Theplay intimate Apparel revolves around the events as experienced by aseamstress by the Name Esther who sews for people with variedsocio-economic status ranging from rich white women to harlots.Loneliness soon engulfs Esther as she grows older without gettingmarried and this leads her to have a relationship with George, a manwho she has never met. Despite this occurrence, Esther has anemotional connection with a Jewish shopkeeper whom she gets hermaterial from by the name Mark. This attraction is mutual between thetwo but due to an array of circumstances, they cannot get married.This essay therefore discusses the ways in which sources to intimacyare depicted in the relationship between Esther and Mark.

Depictionof Sources to Intimacy

Firstand foremost, Esther makes garment more so undergarments. These are,in the play, illustrated as intimate garments as Esther also callsthem. The use of this term provides two meanings one which mayactually portray the loneliness Esther is experiencing and her needfor an intimate relationship. This could be seen as a source thatpushes her on the road to finding a husband thus the chance to fallin love with Marks. In addition Esther also depicted as beingserious, with her work and also reserved. In addition she is depictedas a keeper of the things she values by the presence of the sewingmachine which is seemingly old. This observation brings an aura ofEsther being dedicated to her work and also a relationship given thechance (Hurwitt).Furthermore there are weddings which keep going on as other girls aregetting married yet Esther does not. Keeping in mind that she is theone who makes the garments for these women, she also has garments ofher own and this provides a hope and the motivation to look for asuitor who could marry her and therefore serving as a source ofintimacy (Nicholson).

Mr.Marks who is the fabric salesman is depicted as being a goodsalesman. This can be seen in the manner in which he presents hismerchandise to his customers elucidating that the quality of the itemis worthwhile. His dealings with good material can be attributed tohis character as a good person and his mannerisms also show that heis open and this gives an opportunity that makes Esther to have apositive attitude towards him. In addition to the manners and salesprowess, Marks is seen as being fixated upon his Jewish cultures.Betrothed to another woman she has never seen, he doesn’t letEsther touch him and he also avoids contact with her as he movesaround his store. This attribute portrays him as being loyal to hisbeliefs and doings, a quality which is possibly a source of Esther’sadmiration for him(Hughley).

Onesource of intimacy between Esther and Mr. Marks that cannot beignored focuses on the interaction that the two have during theirbusiness transactions. For one, Esther likes the quality of the finesilk and laces that Mr. Marks sells and Mr. Marks on the other sidelikes the quality of work that Esther does. This can be seen when hesays that it is not common for something exquisite to enter hisstore. He is referring to the fabrics but this could also be taken tosuppose that he was talking about Esther. In addition, he isattracted to her sewing prowess and says that he “wished for herhands” which either could mean he wished he could sew like her oranother hidden meaning that he wished to have an intimaterelationship with her. Clearly, this interaction happens repeatedlyand signals the beginning of a mutual interest and attraction betweenthe two (Hughley).

Notwithstandingthe fact that Mr. Marks does not allow physical contact with Esther,the size of his store is quite small which makes the distance betweenhimself and Esther to be quite small. This closeness portrays theconnection that the two experienced and this can be further supportedby what happens after Esther realizes that George was no the perfecthusband he had dreamed of and they part ways. Esther takes a garmentto Mr. Marks as a gift which he accepts. This marks a significantevent as the pent up tension and emotions between the two areheightened and for the first time, Mr. Marks allows physical contactfrom Esther albeit against his Culture (Pinkerton).

Romanceand intimacy between Esther and Mr. Mars is also fuelled by thesimilar characters they both portrayed. They are both depicted asbeing kind, affectionate and sincere. This can be seen by the waythese two interact with their clients with no evidence of anysquabbles regarding the quality of their work. In addition, theirfaithfulness can be observed by the way they hold back their feelingsfor each other for the reasons that one is already betrothed.Clearly, the mutual understanding and the almost similar experiencesthe two have bridges the gap between them creating a space forintimacy to sprout (Drexel).


Drexel,Kitty. &quotThe Intimacy of Lingerie: INTIMATE APPAREL.&quot 24February 2015. TheNew England Theatre Geek.20 March 2016.

Hughley,Marty. &quotA lovely intimacy, in underthings and otherwise.&quot16 September 2014. Oregon`sArtswatch.Document. 20 March 2016.

Hurwitt,Sam. &quotTheater review: Intimacy has impact in AlterTheater`s`Intimate Apparel.&quot 13 October 2010. Entertainment.Document. 20 March 2016.

Nicholson,David. &quotPlay Explores Intimacy On Stage.&quot 20 January 2006.DailyPress.Document. 20 March 2016.

Pinkerton,Kate. &quotIntimate Apparel by Lynn Nottage.&quot 2015. GrandTheatre.Document. 20 March 2016.

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Liesand Illusions in Jurek Becker`s Novel Jakob the Liar

TheNovel Jacob the Liar by Jurek Becker is based on the period duringthe Holocaust. It narrates the story about Jacob, a Jew who lived ina Jewish Ghetto and owned an eatery. The novel takes us throughevents as experienced by Jacob in a gentle and humorous manner.During this period, Jacob is arrested by German officers and in theprocess he accidentally overhears a news report over the radioconcerning the approach of the Red Army in this case the RussianForces. He is later released an eager to spread this hopefulinformation. Soon enough word spread around and Jacob found himselfin a difficult situation forcing him to pile heaps of lies afteranother with the intention to give hope to his fellow Jews withregard to the near liberation. This novel revolves entirely upon twomajor themes namely lies and illusion as depicted in the happeningsinvolving the untrue stories made up by Jacob to create an impressionthat the lies are actually true as well as provide hope which at somepoint is false hope.

Thethemes of Lies and Illusion

Theprinciple theme in this novel is Lies. It is the backbone of thiswhole narrative, providing the baseline for the events that happen inalmost the entire novel. It all begins in good faith when Jacob getsan encouraging message that the Russian army is approaching. Unableto suppress this news he decides to tell his close friend. This turnsout to be the turning point that moves the aspect of truth to Lies.Instead of being outright honest with his friend, Jacob tells a lieto make his information more authentic by saying he has a radio inhis possession. This works right, for the time being, as his friendbelieves him. However, things get out of hand when Jacob’s friendspreads the word around and soon enough, a good number of hisneighbors and other Jews have the knowledge that he actually owns aradio. This makes him to be considered a source of news and thusanother bout of lies ensues as he makes up fictious news and conveysit to the people. One would be mistaken by thinking that the liesended here but it doesn’t. Another occasion where the theme of liescomes out conspicuously is when Jacob finds Lina looking for theradio. Once more, rather than speaking the truth, Jacob lies to Linaand proceeds further to imitating a voice over the radio and tellsher a made up story about a sick girl. Step by step, the consequencesof one lie, the initial lie, and build up to a crescendo with eachsubsequent lie used either to cover up the previous lie or to supportthe veritability of the last lie. Notwithstanding this subjectmatter, the outcomes of the lies flows contrary to the commonequation that the truth leads to good while lies cause bad, in thisnovel, the lie motivates the Jews by giving them the much needed hopeand ultimately the Liar Jacob is convicted by the possibility thathis own claims could eventually be fulfilled.

Illusionfollows closely to the theme of lies and the relationship between thetwo subjects can neither be separated nor ignored. It is clear thatthe lies give rise to illusion and this illusion fuel thecontinuation of the lies. Illusion in this context could be bestdescribed as a deceptive appearance or impression. The first islet ofillusion is displayed at the exact point when Jacob hears the newsabout the approaching Soviet army. His spirit is immediately arousedby this news and he gets the impression that liberation is near. Hedoesn’t even contemplate the possibility that this so-called allycould even be defeated! However Jacob is not the only one who isillusioned. His news which are greatly amplified by his lies areslowly accepted by the other Jews to an extent in which theperception about liberation becomes mutually experienced throughoutthe Jewish Ghetto. Furthermore, the theme of illusion is brought tolight when Jacob mimics a radio show to Lena and gives a story abouta sick girl. This pretense to be a radio presenter as well as thestory itself intended to bring out false impression that good thingswere about to happen soon. This story about the girl who was given afalse cloud and got healed corresponds to the false hope that theJews were clinging on to. The end of the story also bear the theme ofillusion. This is clearly illustrated by the presence of two endingsto this novel the imagined and the real ending. The imagined orfictitious ending alludes that Jacob was shot trying to escape whilethe Russian army arrives in the nick of time to liberate the Jews.The illusion here is quite intriguing as it gives the false beliefthat the means to the end was not in vain, contrary to the realending.


Thetwo themes of lies and illusion played a major role in the course ofthis novel. The correlation between the two was adequately fulfillingthe writer’s intention, bringing out clearly what was meant to bepassed across to the reader.


Sarah.&quotA Scottidh Journey Through German Film.&quot 30 November 2009.Scottischereise.Document. 15 March 2016.

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I’mNobody! Who Are You? By Emily Dickinson

Thispoem creates a rare feeling that cannot be expressed without imagery.A feeling of remoteness, vulnerability and solitude that cannot becompletely described by words. I tend to think the author was tryingto express a humble and peaceful way of living without the worry ofletting people know you. One wonders who we really are. Why are wehere? What is the real meaning of life? The author ponders themeaning of one’s soul. In accordance to my own assumptions, thefirst line is a paradox i.e. “I’m Nobody!” Portraying someoneas nobody may actually mean he/she is somebody, existing with aunique personal identity. It means one may be disregarded by others.Freedom from narcissism or even self-centeredness and humility arewell asserted within the poem. In accordance to the poem, fame isregarded as the worst thing that can happen to someone. Fame createsobligation and one has to please so many fans so as to remain famous.Once you start pleasing fans, the whole aspect of writing for funceases. The author expresses fear of having a name in thisperspective meaning fame. Having a name brings about vulnerabilityand visibility that are detracting elements of freedom. Significanceof life is portrayed by the images utilized such as somebody, nobody,they, bog and frog [ CITATION Emi121 l 1033 ].

Songof Myself by Walt Whitman

Theaspects involved in this poem make it an intricate one to fullygrasp. The author continually changes topic through different lines.However, three themes can be rightly extrapolated from this poem i.e.idea of self, identification of self along with other selves and theauthor’s relations with all these components. The self is perceivedas a spiritual facet that constitutes a conscious life. It comprisesexperiences, spiritual insights, psychological states and ideas. Selfis perceived in both individual and universal ways. In accordance tothe author, regardless of age, one never ceases to grow therebydeveloping life experiences. Growing life experiences are vital inknowledge, hence one continues to be knowledgeable with time to stayadaptable. There is also a sense that people ought to learn throughexperiences and not necessarily books or even teachers. The authorportrays a disliking for individuals who deem themselvesself-righteous and in most cases judge others. On the other hand,everybody is equal regardless of who they are i.e. even slaves. Asper the assumptions drawn from the poem, death is considered afortunate thing which should not be feared. People should also takepride within themselves and have faith in the nature’s orders.There is also an imperceptible understanding and connection betweenall persons and things. With several facets involved in this poem,the approach to experience is quite enticing. Experience is obtainedwith several years of living and not necessarily from books. The morethe years, the better the experiences and the more the knowledge. Onecontinually learns more through the years and this can be depicted byhow one is able to adapt in various circumstances. Humans have anindividual self, whereas the globe has a universal self. In relationto this, the author tries to maintain his self-individuality butstill desires to fuse with universal self. All these aspects areinterlinked bringing about the intricate way of viewing life as perthe authors perspective.

Linesshowing uniqueness of American identity

“Iharbor for good or bad, I permit to speak at every hazard.”

Ageneral re-alignment of the words would mean that “I have in me,whether bad or good, which I let it show in spite of all thedangers.” There is an intention to do both good and bad andresisting either is hard since it is nature. Likening it to theAmerican Society, there is a distinction between good values and badvalues which are well known. As people grow older, they continuallysee the consequences of good and bad which are visible in theAmerican society. A society comprises of values that are either goodor bad. Additionally, everyone has both aspects in themselves andchoses to undertake either. It is also evident that both good and badvalues have respective significances or consequences. The societyalso defines what is good and bad and hence shapes their ownidentity. In that regard, the American society identifies itself withunique values that defines what is right or wrong. In addition tothat, the values are always present within the society.

Comparisonof the two articles

Thetwo works show similarity in terms of the theme of life. The aspectsof life that make it meaningful and the order of life are allexemplified within the works. For the first poem, Emily tries toexpress how fame is detrimental to a quality life since oneindividualism features tend to get lost. A famous individual lives inaccordance to the fans demands, hence has no personal fun. In thesecond work, Walt Whitman illustrates the self- ideologies inrelation to life. Self is depicted as a spiritual element thatconstitutes a conscious life. The two works tend to affirm thevitality of individualism and its relation to the kind of life.


CliffsNotes. &quotSummary and Analysis: Song of Myself&quot&quot Introduction.&quot 2016. and Analysis: Song of Myself&quot&quot Introduction. 15 March 2016.

Enotes. &quotI`m Nobody! Who Are You? Summary.&quot 2016. I`m Nobody! Who Are You? Summary. 15 March 2016.

I`m Nobody! Who Are You? Dir. Pearls of Wisdom. Perf. Emily Dickinson. 2012. Online.

Lecture-5 On Walt Whitman`s &quotSong of Myself&quot. Dir. Wobbly Bit. 2014. Online.

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Thetopic chosen for this essay is the examination of how gender anddisability areillustrated.Gender construction will beanalyzedwithrespect tothe portrayal of the female character in the film Mad Max: Fury Road.Two of the secondary readings will also be employed to look at howpower has beendepictedas well as to describe disability. A feminist critique will beapplied in this essay to depict the theme of gender and its relationto power and disability as portrayed in this film

Proposedthesis statement

Thefemale characters in the film Mad Max: Fury Road are portrayed assubjected to harsh treatment. This is coupled by the inability tospeak out or play any other role outside the normal set outactivities attributed to them. In addition, they are also portrayedas objects including the wives of Joe who have been selected toperform the certain functional roles. This is confirmed by thehappenings in the film involving the escape of Joe’s wives toprotect themselves and their unborn babies from the harshenvironment.

Proposedbody points

Themale and female characters have different specified roles. The menare involved in certain responsibilities which places then entirelyin a superior position compared to the women. It is evidently clearthat in most films the female characters are depicted in a manner inwhich they are not as empowered as the men. In support of this, thewoman character Furiosa is portrayed as having a disability (anamputated limb). In addition she is also in a higher ranking thanother women but not a position that surpasses that of the men.

Disabilityin the film Mad Max Fury road is also a factor to be considered inthe female character Furiosa. The use of prosthetics to facilitateher to be empowered (Strobi)like Max is puts the film in manner suggestive of the ability of adisabled woman to be able to overcome both societal and physicalchallenges and in the end emerge as a force to reckon with in thefight to bring change. This can be supported by the fact that at somepoint, Furiosa engages in a physical fight with Max and in the finalparts of the film, she is able to kill Immortan Joe.

Thefirst wave of feminism had its focus on the empowerment of women(Stein)and the Mad Max contradicts this the women are not enjoying the sameopportunities and positions as men. In as much as their roles may bedifferent in terms of reproductivity, there is widespread atrocitiesconjured to the women in particular the wives of Immortan Joe. Themistreatment overwhelms them to a point that they seek the help of afellow woman who is in a better position to facilitate their escape.The lead character in this film is therefore under the rule of men,with specific orders that must be followed without question or fail.Mad max is to some extents accurate in the depiction of the struggleto achieve women empowerment as shown by Max who works together withFuriosa. These gender roles can be historically correct inillustrating the oppression in the old times (Vaughn).The concepts of power and disability will be discussed as a tool todescribe the significant differences between the male and femalecharacters in thus film.


Stein,Caroline Dorey. &quotA Brief History: The Three Waves of Feminism.&quot22 September 2015. ProgressiveWomens` Leadership.Document. 14 Maarch 2016.

Strobi,Nick Phillips and Staci. ComicBook Crime.New York: NYU Press, 2013.

Vaughn,L. J. &quotMy Reaction to Mad Max: Fury Road and the UtterPerfection That Is Imperator Furiosa.&quot 29 May 2015. TheMary Sue.Document. 14 March 2016.

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The Blackwater Chronicle by Kennedy Philip Pendleton

The BlackwaterChronicle was published in 1853 describing the journey that Kennedyand his colleagues took as they explored the Canaan Valley. Among thepeople whom he describes include Signor Andante Strozzi, Mr. Butcut,Mr. Triptolemus Todd (Murad the Unlucky) and Doctor Adolphus Blandy.This paper focuses especially on Doctor Adolphus Blandy.

Kennedy describes Doctor Adolphus as a dainty gentleman who holdsmuch elegance to life. He says that he wore boots that were made offine leather and a neat hat that had a red band tied on it (Kennedy,97) presenting him as a well-dressed man as opposed to some of hisother friends whom he described as being untidy. Additionally, DoctorAdolphus is presented as someone who comes from a wealthy background.This can be shown by the fact that all along his life, he has beendressed in fine linen, something that only the rich people or thosein power like kings in the past could afford.

According toKennedy, 97, Doctor Adolphus is caring and sympathetic. Kennedy saysthat the doctor was touched by the death of Rinaldo and he even sheda tear of repentance as a sigh of regret for bringing him (Kennedy,97) He felt so sorry that his colleague could not accompany him backafter the completion of the journey, yet he had brought him with himall along. One of the distinguishing traits that Doctor Adolphusexhibited, that was not seen in the previous characters in theChronicle is the way he responded to situations that occurred in thecourse of the journey. He strikes as a sympathetic character.

Work cited

Kennedy,Philip Pendleton. The Blackwater Chronicle. Redfield, 1853.Page 91-100.

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Organizational behavior

Thesis:Organization behavior is the study of individual and group activityand performance in an organization with a purpose of examining thebehavior of an individual in a workplace.

  1. Thesis: Organization behavior is study of individual and group activity and performance in an organization with a purpose of examining the behavior of an individual in a workplace.

  1. Issues

  1. Teamwork

  • Conflict among team members, confusion about problem solving and decision making, low morale and poor performance leading to inefficiency in activities.

  • A manager complained of her workers not participating in sales division as expected. She sought advice from one of the employees and the employee revealed to her that they were not being rewarded for the efforts the put towards achieving the company’s goals.

  • Low motivation leads to poor performance among workers as a result of job dissatisfaction.

  • Provision of incentives based on merit such as promotions, pay rise, job status and security enhance sustained performance and motivation.

  1. Decision making

  • Emotions and moods influence process of making decisions. Biased decision making leads to poor management.

  • Poor decisions may lead to lack of understanding in terms of financial goals.

  • Poor financial managements result in shortage of resources for services and products and delayed payment of bills.

  • Proper decisions should be made

  1. Leadership

  • Poor leadership in managers such as lack of creativity and poor personality in a manager affects his or her relation to employees.

  • A manager’s performance is influenced by factors such as: social skills, motivation, self-awareness and self-regulation.

  • Good managerial leadership ensures that needs of the workers are met, interacts well with the workers and has self-knowledge and innovative and must be a critical thinker.

  1. Conclusion

  • Employee motivation through provision of incentives, compensation and rewards ensure quality performance among employees resulting in accomplishment of goals.


Lorsch,Jay W and Lawrence, P.R. 1970. Studies in Organisation Design,Richard D. Irwin, Homewood.

ORGANIZATIONALBEHAVIOR 9th editionby StephenPP.Robbins.SanDiego State University.PrenticeHall International,Inc.

Brooks,I. (1999) Organizational Behavior: Individuals, Groups and theOrganization, London: FT Pitman.