Juvenile Justice


Outlineof Main points

  • Ward of the Court is a term that means the court being the state’s agency has found it critical to exercise its jurisdiction as a loco parenthesis. Decisions usually made by parents have now been delegated to a court representative.

  • A court in determination of ward ship receives both written and oral submissions and employs the evidence to its probative value.

  • To stop records from being handed to children it is now common for juvenile courts in a number of jurisdictions to place children on probation supervision without formal findings.

  • Upon determination in an adjudicatory hearing allegations in a petition are established and the disposal hearing is then set to establish a case’s final disposition.

  • Predisposition investigations in a number of states include environmental factors, information about the child, general peer relations, the child’s parents, work and school.

  • As much as the adjudicatory hearing establishes if allegations have evidence support the dispositional hearing only deals with available options to meet the juvenile needs.

  • Fir a delinquent child Courts could provide a disposition that best suits his welfare, treatment and rehabilitation. If he is unruly he can be disposed of by a court in all other allowed ways apart from going to correctional agencies.

  • The general trend in juvenile courts is that the unruly child can only be committed to a juvenile correctional institution if he warrants this kind of action.

  • Suspended sentences often call for the juvenile to compulsory attend a community founded rehabilitation program.

  • Extension of initial dispositions call for another hearing with all the rights being accorded to the initial dispositional hearing.