Main Counselor as a Scholar Practitioner
Justlike any other profession, counseling requires both qualitative andquantitative research. However, while the main goal of engaging inresearch is to find new approaches to doing things, in counselingresearch has special functions. Unlike the natural sciences such aschemistry where the products of a reaction will always be the same,counseling is a social science, and different people reactdifferently when exposed to similar situations such as depression.For example, D’andrea & Heckman (2008) argue that inmulticultural counseling there exist between-group differencescommonly seen among individuals in diverse cultural/ethnic and racialgroups. These differences include the way people view certain issuessuch as mental health and human development. This means that whencounselors are in the field, they may encounter patients who havedifferent views on certain issues and may, therefore, find that theexisting remedies would not address the issues the patients issuffering from. In case of such a situation, a counselor has toconduct research for them to come up with specific solutions to thespecific client’s problem. Additionally, research in counseling isimportant as it is the only method that counselors can use to removetheir personal bias toward a situation. In other words, researchhelps counselors make informed decisions regarding their patient’ssituations. For instance, according to Hunter (2014) researching ongender differences and child abuse helps a counselor to examine theirpersonal assumptions or bias toward the client’s situation orexperiences. Lastly, unlike natural science such as chemistry,counseling involves working with human beings and sometimes theclient problems end up affecting the counselor. For instance, it ispossible for a counselor to feel de-skilled or less competent after aseries of therapy that all end up failing. By researching on thefindings or experiences of other counselors, a counselor may come tothe understanding that having intense emotions is part of the job.
A73- member panel developed the scientist practitioner model in 1949during a conference that took place in Boulder and which broughttogether experts within the counseling profession (Sheperis,et al., 2011).The model is used to teach the different programs that aim atproducing applied psychologist by emphasizing on the scientificpractice and as well as research in the practice of counselingSheperisand colleagues report that the model has a foundation in empiricalresearch but, at the same time, allow the counselors to use theirfield experiences as a basis for future questions which they willseek to answer through research. This means that the model serves asa starting point for research in the counseling profession byencouraging the counselors to fill the knowledge gap by turning theproblems they face in their field practice into researchablequestions. Also, the model ensures that the practice of counseling isdone within the scientific framework. This means that there is noroom for trial and error as this may be dangerous to the clients ifthey are wrongly diagnosed. Thus, the model serves to bring harmonywithin the counseling practice as specific researches guide theentire practice hence, avoiding a case where every practitioner hastheir own approaches to the different clients’ issues. Theimplication of this model in the practice of counseling is that itresults to skillful researchers as well as individuals with a masteryof how the human body functions.Additionally, the model hasimplication on the counseling profession as it emphasis on theintegration of fieldwork, internships as well as practical lessons inthe teachings of counseling.
D`Andrea,M., & Heckman, E. (2008). A 40-year review of multiculturalcounseling outcome research: Outlining a future research agenda forthe multicultural counseling movement. Journal of Counseling andDevelopment, 86(3), 356-363.
Hunter,S. V. (2006). Understanding the complexity of child sexual abuse: Areview of the literature with implications for family counseling. TheFamily Journal, 14, 349-358
Sheperis,C. J., Young, J. S., & Daniels, M. H. (2011). Counselingresearch: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods.Pearson Higher Ed.