PSYCHODYNAMICS THERAPY 4
Depressionis a state of feeling extreme dejection and despondency. It is aserious medical condition. The key symptoms entail anxiety, sadness,hopelessness or pessimistic feelings. Besides, it is also associatedwith feelings of guiltiness, helpless and worthless. Consequently,the affected individual fails to enjoy the things they used to enjoy.Patients also indicate problems with memory as well as the lack ofconcentration. Therefore, the individuals experience problems indecision-making. Additional symptoms include signs of excessive orlittle sleep, changes in appetite, weight gain or loss as well asfeelings of irritability and restlessness. The symptoms ifuncontrolled can lead to suicidal thoughts (Kaner, & Prelinger,2005).
Psychodynamictherapy entails the exploration of the patient’s thoughts toidentify their emotions. The therapists assist the patient to talkabout their feelings of contradiction, threat, trouble as well asunconscious feelings that the patients may not have recognized in thepast. The exploration occurs bearing in mind that the ability toexplain the reason for experiencing emotional difficulty does notimply that a patient is capable of taking action to solve thedifficulty efficiently. Psychodynamic therapy pays focus to theemotions of the patient. It addresses the patient’s defencemechanisms by identifying the reactions and behaviours that a patientuses to avoid depressing feelings and thought. For example, a patientmay indicate certain behaviours used to suppress memories ofdistressing feelings and thoughts like drinking, smoking or use ofdrugs (Kaner, & Prelinger, 2005).
Besides,the patient may express a habit of changing topics wheneverparticular distressful topics emerge. Others may indicate recurringpatterns in their behaviour, thinking as well as feelings. Theindividual rarely recognizes such patterns. The therapists discussthe patterns with the individual to understand their effect on theindividual’s emotions and feelings. Such examination leads to theidentification of experiences that influence the present behaviour ofthe patient. The therapist helps the patient to develop psychologicalresources and greater capacity to for dealing with the distinctfeelings identified. Consequently, psychodynamics is efficient byenabling the individual to overcome depression and live a morefulfilling life (Kaner, & Prelinger, 2005).
Kaner,A., & Prelinger, E. (2005). Thecraft of psychodynamic psychotherapy.Lanham: Jason Aronson