Debate:How and why people become aware of Psychological Problems.

  1. Before analyzing the issue at hand, may you please elaborate on what your schools are all about?

GestaltTherapist:The perspective of Gestalt therapy comes from the Gestalt school ofthought. The proponent of the therapy was Fritz Perls who based hisideology on the principle of relational theory. The principle assertsthat the human being is regarded as whole in terms of the body, themind and the soul whereby the ‘whole’ is understood depending onthe experience an individual is going through.The therapy targetsthe aspect of personal growth and the gaining of full potential by anindividual. The therapy acknowledges the fact that negative thoughtsexists that may affect the behavior of an individual such that theyshow dissatisfaction and sadness. Therefore, it becomes inevitablefor the gestalt therapist to ensure that an individual developsacceptance in terms of his or her strengths and weaknesses inaddition to a self-awareness that is non-judgmental such that theindividual views life from a new and different perspective. Despitethe therapy basing its treatment on the ‘here and now’ concept’the other goal of the therapy is to enable the client to curb anychallenges in the future with the developed personal potential. Itachieves this by enabling an individual comprehend their currentthoughts, actions and feelings in relation to how they express them.Furthermore, it enables the uplifting of methods that can assist intackling the present current issues such that it becomes easier tohandle them when they occur in future therefore an appropriatetheory when it comes to identifying psychological problems(Bar-Yoseph, 2012).

Person-centeredtherapist:Person-centered therapy is a unique type of counseling whereby,instead of a counselor making interpretations of an individual’sbehavior or thoughts, individuals convey the ability of consciouslycomprehending themselves. It is more of a humanistic approach thataims at identifying psychological problems in individuals. Theproponent of this theory was Carl Rogers who theorized thatindividuals have an innate capability that enables them, to obtaintheir maximum potential. However, the innate capability may bedistorted by our personal experiences. Moreover, our values becomeaffected more by the experiences. The role of the counselor is notdiminished but rather the counselor tries his or her best tounderstand the situation of an individual from his or herperspective. Furthermore, the counselor is expected to act ethicallyby treating the client as a person such that the environment isconducive to allow the client to freely open up without feelingjudged. The client will also feel safe and secure with their feelingswhen they are reminded of their worth and value in their personal andother people’s lives such that they are reconnected with how theyfeel about themselves and the personal values that they highlyappreciate. When the counselor is successful in reconnecting his orher client with her feelings or values, progress then becomes capable(Feltham&amp Horton, 2012).

  1. Do your theories work? If yes, how do they work?

GestaltTherapist:From my personal experience, Gestalt theory is a legit theory andhence, yes, it does work. Basically, it involves exposing on theknowledge of the current experience instead of depending oninterpretations that might fail to occur. Individuals taking thetherapy will are allowed to evaluate their thoughts, values, beliefs,personality, in addition to what they are feeling for the purposes ofself-awareness. By comprehending who they are, it becomes easier forthem to react in an appropriate manner when in particularenvironments or when undergoing specific experiences. Throughpersonal evaluation, the individuals are able to point outsituations, behavior and decisions that negatively affect their livessuch that they become incapable of maximizing their potentials to themaximum (Bar-Yoseph, 2012).

Person-centeredtherapist:The therapy has actually been proven to be the most effective when itcomes to personal awareness. The main principle behind it is that,there’s no head or subordinated in the counselor-client situation.Both parties are considered as professionals with the ideology thatindividuals are highly capable of discovering their innatecapabilities and put them into use. The counselor acts only as aguide who assists an individual in identifying the inner potentialand growth such that they become able to their issues through themaximized potential (Feltham&amp Horton, 2012).

  1. Do you think that your theory is more credible when it comes to explaining how and why people become aware of psychological problem when compared to the other party’s theory?

GestaltTheory:As I had stated earlier, the gestalt therapy entails the relationalprinciple whereby an individual is viewed as whole and that a personis capable of personal growth and the gaining of full potential. Inthis therapy, the gestalt therapist goes into deep details about thepersonal values, feelings and thoughts that an individual has andthen goes into a step-by-step detail using the ‘Here and Now’perspective. Involving the past and the future experiences may causeunnecessary anxiety. Furthermore, focusing on the present makes theclient participate wholly in the therapy such that it becomes easierfor the therapist to analyze the main source of a problem(Bar-Yoseph, 2012). However, for the personal-centered approach, thetherapist trusts all the information presented by the client suchthat a client may fail to reveal the actual thoughts and feelingsthat they are experiencing leading to a crude conclusion by thetherapist. The focus implored by the Gestalt psychologists and theassociated experiments makes it more credible than thepersonal-centered approach in terms of identifying a psychologicalproblem.

Person-centeredtherapist:I support the idea of gaining full potential and personal awarenessas expressed by my fellow psychologist. It is obvious that bothschools have put focus on the ideology of self-awareness and how bestit can be developed. However, I am of the idea that apersonal-centered approach is more convenient when it comes toexplaining how and why people become aware of psychological problems.The innate potential of an individual plays a great role when itcomes to personal development the emphasis being on an individual’scapability to comprehend him or herself on a personal level. Doingthings out of our own accord or conscious have a lasting effectrather than being directed to perform an activity. This approachgives the client that capability of making his or her choices basedon her inner potential instead of depending on others. Gestalttherapy involves a lot of guidance while for the personal-centeredapproach an individual’s becomes tuned to focusing on his or herfeelings from the commencement of the therapy. Furthermore, when anindividual sees that he or she is somehow in control of a session, heor she tends to relax such that if freedom when expressing one’sfeelings and hence I support my approach (Feltham&amp Horton, 2012).


Bar-Yoseph,T. (2012).Gestalttherapy.London: Routledge.

Feltham,C., &amp Horton, I. (2012).TheSAGE handbook of counselling and psychotherapy.London: SAGE.