Pueblo Revolt



ThePueblo revolt occurred in an area called New Mexico which is to theNorth of Mexico. The area was remote and only the locals occupied thelocation. The people who occupied the environment had differentcultures. The diversity in the cultures were reduced since they livedtogether and adapted to the environment of the region. The Spanishpeople came to settle with the locals whom they named the Pueblosbecause of their housing styles and their kinds of living even thoughthey constituted different communities. The Spanish, who for a longtime lived in harmony with the Pueblo, exchanged a lot of differentcultures and life lessons with them and this ensured a relativeperiod of peaceful co-existence. The revolt of the Pueblo came whenthe locals killed thirteen soldiers of the Spanish people and inturn, a command came that one leg of all the males was to be cut. In1680, this command triggered the revolution to get the Spanishoutside the New Mexico. As a result, the Spanish were sent out andlived in El Paso. Several casualties were encountered as lives werelost and both the Spanish and the Pueblo lost several of theirvaluables.

NewMexico was a secluded place to the North of Mexico. The people livingthere had very similar patterns and they had their own beliefs. Thefriendly and the welcoming nature of the locals proved that it waseasy to live among them without having any problems. When the Spanishpeople arrived in New Mexico, they were welcome and at that time, itwas a little easy to blend in. For any foreign people to survive inthe area, they had to learn the environment since the nature of thepeople could not allow them to submit to new ways of life. In thissurvival, the Pueblo could only choose what was beneficial to them.From this perspective, it was easy to live with them and very hard tochange their choice of life. The fact that the Spanish chose to comeout of the better places in Mexico and settle with the Pueblo is alittle interesting. Their welcoming nature and their reasons forrevolting prompted this study. In different cases, some communitieswould revolt just as immediately as they realize existence ofintruders. The Pueblo’s choice of livelihood and how they handletheir activities interested this study hence selection of the topic.

Someof the American philosophies would have led to the revolt and thisdescribed the likelihood of the occurrence. First, when the Spanishbrought Christianity in New Mexico, the Pueblo could not takeeverything they said since to them, it looked like a manipulation.The nature of the Pueblo could not allow them to ignore everything sothey opted to take the most important parts of Christianity that wasbeneficial to them and not all the other parts. This way, the Pueblowere a bit cautious on the things they wanted to believe since theyequally had their own beliefs. The Spanish came with different waysof farming which ensured better products. Because of the results ofthe embraced methods, the Pueblo embraced the new ways that would aidtheir agricultural activities and this was beneficial to theirlivelihood. The systems and the ways of the Spanish were beneficialbut the American philosophies linked them to all the casualties.During the times of droughts, the Pueblo people started questioningthe source of power of Christianity since to them it was the majorcause of the predicaments. The new ways of farming that they onceembraced were again questioned and the things that the Spanish didout of good will were interpreted as calamities. Their theories andphilosophies about the new methods of farming and Christianity led totheir revolting. This led to revolution and anger towards the Spanish(Colwell, 2010).

ThePueblo revolution had its advantages and challenges. In many cases,the Pueblo received good things from the Spanish and some times, theSpanish took an advantage and attacked them. First, teaching theforeigners all the ways of the land could not be necessary since theyknew exactly how to read their language and interpret theircommunication, in the planning of the events, the Spanish people knewthat the Pueblo have revolted and since they could read the signs,they found ways of defending themselves. Secondly, the command thatpushed for the cutting of one leg led to their evacuation from thearea. Illiterate as they were, the Spanish wanted to take advantagethat the Pueblo were not united since they were not a singlecommunity. The idea that not all the residents agreed the revolutionwas an advantage that the Spanish thought they could rely on. Thefact that the Spanish and the Pueblo learned each other’s ways wasnecessary for coexistence where the two factions could live togetherand assist each other during the time of need. Farming andChristianity brought sanity to the way of the Pueblo.


Colwell-Chanthaphonh,C. (2010). The and the Mythology of Conquest: AnIndigenous Archaeology of Contact. American Anthropologist.