Self-efficacy Intervention Effect on Physical Activity in Older Adults

Self-efficacyIntervention Effect on Physical Activity in Older Adults

Self-efficacy Intervention Effect on Physical Activity in OlderAdults


Thearticle is a study to determine the fulfillment of a self-efficacyintervention created to elevate physical activity in older adultswith the post-cardiac event. A three-group experimental designed totest the intervention showed effectiveness in showing PA (physicalactivity) performances when compared with another intervention,attentional control (Allison &amp Keller, 2004). The PAself-efficacy also showed significant correlation with both PAmeasures in older adults, with outcomes being expectations from PAself-reported and PA performance.

Physical inactivity in older adults with the post-cardiac event hasbecome a norm in recent times. Self-efficacy intervention offers alow-intensity effect for older adults facing inactivity to increasetheir activity level (Anderson, 2009). It may appear counterintuitivethat self-efficacy intervention expends more effort for theindividuals. However, the process is not accomplished on the firstattempt, and thus the need for frequency. Even for older adults withhighly active lifestyle and physical activity, these individualsoften experience a series of lapses in high-risk situations.

Self-efficacy intervention thus provides a modest level ofassistance to help such older adults to yield beneficial effect,which commensurate with the kind of effort it took to commensuratewith tested designs, either attention control or theory-basedself-efficacy. For some, this intervention may provide addedinformation or assist with problem-solving ideas through the setperiod (Ekkekakis &amp Cook, 2013). For others, this interventionsimply acts as an external agent that works on their behalf, which inturn ensure they (older adults) feel a connection and accountabilityto do what they have to do – sustain themselves – while theyimprove the skills for problem-solving and get through physicalactivity barriers.


The study used the experimental three-group design, which tested theeffectiveness of the intervention (self-efficacy), with the treatmentgroups having a section of supportive telephone protocols. Thismethod facilitated a clear outcome of the variables presented in thestudy, which ensured expectation self-efficacy measures accuratefindings after the PA performance was carried out (Allison &ampKeller, 2004). The significance of using this design was that itallowed main crucial effects on the amount of time spent onself-efficacy and the distance worked by the tested individuals.


The study incorporated a few participants for the tests. On theother hand, the method used requires a huge number of participants toestablish any particular usefulness and reliability data required toascertain the essence of applying the self-efficacy intervention(Anderson, 2009). For example, the study testing the level andeffectiveness of physical activity performance might require acomparison of two groups. This intervention, using the methoddescribed above, may be impractical because of space needed forpractice and availability of limited resources (Allison &amp Keller,2004). Additionally, the self-efficacy intervention did not showdirectness with the level of physical activity the intervention hadon the distance worked with confidence.

Summary/ Conclusion

Inmy opinion, I would say that this efficacy-intervention applied onolder adults regarding their physical activity should be weighed in,in a manner that it if effective and suits the number of participantswithout compromising on risks involved and successes projected tohave. Considering this intervention applies to the treatment groupswith, the preferred protocols requires a better application that willincorporate attention control intervention for older adults. Theself-efficacy intervention has public health impact in the sense thatthere is a reduction in the number of older adults in the health carecenters because the improvement in their physical activity reflectson their bodily well-being. I support the implementation of theintervention because its advantages work better for the overallwell-being of everyone involved, which includes providing funding.

Olderadults are used to being physically inactive, and thus the need forself-efficacy intervention. This intervention is designed to providefor low-intensity effect on older adults with post-cardiac event.Even with the recommendation to act as part of the external agent forsustainability, self-intervention has both its strengths andweaknesses. The strengths revolve around ensuring accurateperformance findings and allow important impact on the amount of timetaken to give positive results. The paper also identified weaknessesto include the limited time and resources to execute theintervention.


Allison, M. J., &amp Keller, C. (2004). Self-Efficacy InterventionEffect on Physical Activity in Older Adults. Western Journal ofNursing Research, 26, 1, 31-46.

Anderson, K. J. (2009). An intervention to increase physicalactivity behavior among older African American women.

Ekkekakis, P., &amp Cook, D. B. (2013). Routledge handbook ofphysical activity and mental health. London: Routledge.