Solutionsto corruption in healthcare
Solutionsto corruption in healthcare
Corruptionis a major hurdle towards the development of any organization ornation. Today, this obstacle has led to the development ofcomplications in major institutions and agencies in most countriesleading to the suffering of the ordinary people. Corruption hasspread and established grounds even in healthcare. The presence ofsuch evil in healthcare is a threat to the delivery of services tothe patients and may compromise the lives of this vulnerable group.Different strategies should, therefore, be developed for the controland elimination of such a vice so as to ensure the sick get thenecessary services and that their health is well checked. Corruptionis associated with all forms of groups in society and favors the morefortunate. Due to the diversity of corruption, each member of thecommunity is responsible for ensuring that different considerationsare made so as to provide for the obliteration of the vice (Aidt,2009). In this paper, the government will be much focused on as it isthe largest institution and has a greater legal power in thecorrection of some problematic practices. Different strategies can bemade by the government to ensure that corruption in healthcare isshattered. Some of the steps include the following.
Solutionsto the problem
Thegovernments should publish comprehensive budgets and financial healthinformation that is easy to read. With the provision of the muchdetailed budget report to the general public, the health institutionstogether with all the responsible individuals will be accountable forthe allocations and the expenditure will easily be followed by thepublic (Lewis, 2006). Also, the health workers need a to be paidbetter and be given a guarantee that the payments will be allocatedin time as to reduce the tendency or drive towards stealing publicmoney allocated for health. Appropriate payments make the healthworkers less susceptible to bribes.
Second,the government should come up with regulations and legislations thatare tough on any form of corruption, bribery or embezzlement. Somelaws have been enacted and implemented, but these seem too weak, andthe resultant punishments are not tough thus encouraging continuedcorruption within the health sector (Lewis, 2006). The governmentshould also ensure lias with the different groups of health workersin ensuring that the laws put in place are followed. Establishment ofan office of the ombudsman in the lower levels of governance such asthe districts or states and allocation of proper resources to themwill also help in ensuring that anticorruption laws are followed andadhered.
Backgroundfor the selection of the solutions
Whenan ordinary individual is told of corruption, one of the majorplayers that come to the mind is the government’s involvement inthe vice. The government is responsible for the development of lawsand rules that give direction to the different sectors of the nation.The government is also a sole owner of a disciplinary body that candeal with vices such as corruption (Hellen, 2013). The government is,therefore, a significant player in the war against corruption inhealthcare sector hence a key towards the solution to the problem.
Inadequateallocation of salaries and delayed payments is a core motivatortowards health worker participation in corruption. Most of the healthworkers opt for bribery and other forms of corruption to raise moneyfor their daily use (Hellen, 2013). With the proper allocation offunds, such motives may reduce thus making them less susceptible tobribery.
Thegovernment also allocates money in an annual budget for thehealthcare sector. This is however done with little knowledge by thepublic due to the complexity in which the budget is made. It is knownthat the voice of the public is easily heard, and any critiqueagainst the government is considered thus with the provision of asimpler budget publication, the government all the funds will be kepton the check and there will be reduced misuse.
Implementationof the stated solutions
Differentindividuals should be involved in the implementation of thestrategies to ensure a corruption-free healthcare sector. Thegovernment should ensure that the anticorruption laws are clearlystated and provided to the different health facilities in a mannerthat is readily interpretable by any individual (UNDP, 2011).
Theadministration should ensure that all the allocated funds areaccounted for and that a clear record of the expenditure andprocurement deeds is kept. It should also ensure that theanticorruption laws are followed by the members of the institution.The nurses should ensure that they are transparent in their deliveryof healthcare and should take an individual step towards abolition ofbribes within the facilities.
Therole of nurses in the creation of the solutions
Nurseshave a fundamental role in ensuring that corruption is eradicated inhealthcare. Nurses can act by taking a personal move in ensuring thatthey do not indulge in the vice. Through such, issues such asinadequate drugs or missing medical equipment will reduce. The nursesshould also ensure that they do not accept bribes from pharmaceuticalcompanies or the clients (UNDP, 2011). The nurses form a significantbody in the implementation of anticorruption laws in the healthcarefacilities.
Corruptionis a vice that can lead to the destruction of any system in thecountry. The encryption of corruption into healthcare has causedsignificant damages in the delivery of services to the vulnerablegroups of the sick thus essential for its eradication. The governmenthas an important part in ensuring legal measures are taken inensuring that corruption is rooted out of such a critical sector. Thenurses can play a role in ensuring that they do not accept bribes anddo not involve in any form of corrupt deals.
Aidt,T. S. (2009). Corruption, institutions, and economic development.Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 25(2),271-291.
Lewis,M. (2006). Governance and corruption in public health care systems.Center for Global Development working paper,(78).
J.,Hellen. (2013). Corruption by topic – Health. Retrieved March 02,2016, from http://www.transparency.org/topic/detail/health
FightingCorruption in the Health Sector: Methods and Tools in Health (2011,October). Retrieved March 02, 2016, fromhttp://www.undp.org.tt/News/UNODC/Anticorruption Methods and Tools inHealth.