STANDARDS SAFEGUARDING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 5
Standardssafeguarding environmental quality
Thereis an administration of numerous Acts by Environment Canada besidesmeeting the various responsibilities under the guidance of thelegislation. With the numerous acts, the responsibility of theDepartment is responsible for addressing and making reports on thecomplex issues revolving around the environment (Nova Scotia, ca,2016). Such environmental issues include to monitor air and thequality of water and greenhouse emissions, control the level oftoxicity in commercial products, forecast the meteorological partnersand make reports on the conditions of the weather, and inspect,promote, and enforce the requirements of the regulations. There is aset of standards which should be followed when addressing theseenvironmental issues. This discussion shows the approaches to settingof the standards with reference to air, water, and drinking water.
Thereare different approaches in the development of the standards thatdefine the acts and regulations safeguarding the health of theenvironment. The acts and the regulations are set through a frameworkof activities geared towards promoting a healthy and safe environmentfor each and every citizen. The department of the Environment Actstipulates the role of the environment of Canada as the assessing,monitoring, and protection of the environment. The department is alsotasked wit the provision of the necessary information on weather andmeteorology with the aim of informing and ensuring safety of theCanadians. The Environment Canada’s Act stipulates the expectationsand the obligations of the department in the conduction of research,monitoring and publishing of indicators of the environment, and comeup with the rules aimed at protecting the environment while makingconsultations with the relevant partners in the environment (Paul &Amanda, 2015).
Theapproaches to the setting of standards addressing the environmentalissues
Thesetting of the standards in the context of environmental issues isthe process through which the decision on the amount of pollution tobe released to the environment is made in a year. The pollutionstandards rely completely on the goals that define the goals inrelation to the quality of the environment (Nova Scotia, ca, 2016).The core of the standards is to help in the maintenance and thepromotion of objectives defining environmental quality, human health,development of economy and resource production. In this regard, thereexists a crucial relationship between the environmental issues andthe legislative and regulation measures. A good instance is the casewhere a situation poses health risks, it is paramount to initiate aprecautionary principle when setting the standards. The formulationof these standards is usually through different approaches such asemission standards basing on the permissible levels of emission,ambient-quality standards basing on the measurement of quality of theenvironment, and design standards basing on the requirements of thedesigns and technology and the operational practices (Peter, 2007).
Developmentof standards relative to air, water, and drinking water
Relatingto air, the federal government of Canada has come up with ambient airquality standards concerning certain major pollutants. For eachpollutant, an establishment on the concentration levels was obtainedwith suggestions on the tolerable levels that do not pose concerns tohuman health. The suggestions equally encompass an adequateprotection against the effects in the environment and health as well.The end term goal for the desired level is the improvement of thequality of air. An example of this is an agreement for the adoptionof new air quality management system as initiated by the federalgovernment (Paul & Amanda, 2015). The agreement intends to offeradditional tools aiming at safeguarding the air quality to protectthe environment and the public health. The introduction of theCanadian Ambient Air Quality standards will go a long way incontrolling the ozone layer and the particulate matter.
Theformulation of the objectives in relation to water quality is usuallythrough planning procedures by the federal government of Nova Scotia.The procedures cover a certain geographical area. The ultimate goalof such procedures is to eliminate the persistent toxic substancesinto Ontario’s waterways. The above is directed to the set emissionstandards. Besides this, the emission standards also ensure that theindustries monitor their discharges in line with the specificationsof certain contaminants and pollutants of the waterways.
Suppliersof drinking water in Canada draw it from underground and surfacewaters. This shows a critical connection between the protection ofthe environment and guarding human health. Cases of deaths andillnesses indicate that there is contamination of drinking water andhas led to public raising concerns over the safety of drinking water.As a result, there is a provision of water treatment to curb theeffects associated with contaminated waters. Again, the CanadianDrinking Water Quality provides a guideline on the financing andadministration of water works as well as technical and staffingrequirements. This gesture aims at providing safe drinking water.These principles are in line with the design standards andambient-quality standards.
Thestandards guiding the safety measures of the environment to ensureits safety for every person are designed through various approaches.These approaches include allowing permissible emission levels,measuring the quality of the environment, and the right operationalpractices.
NovaScotia. Ca. (2016). NovaScotia Environment-Department. Retrieved13 February 2016, from http://www.novascotia.ca/nse
Paul,M. & Amanda, K. (2015). ImplementingEnvironmental Law. Northampton,Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing Company.
Peter,M. (2007). Aguide to Environmental Law for Nova Scotians. Canada:Halifax, N.S. : Public Legal Education Society of Nova Scotia.