Summary:The smart swarm
Decentralizedcontrol, as depicted in the behavior of the swarms of ants and beescan be very important to humans in understanding the behavior of the“smart swarm”. A smart swarm is defined as a group ofindividuals responding to each other and to their surrounding inmanners that accord them power as a group to deal with complexity,change and uncertainty. Examples of organisms that behave in such amanner are the birds. They do not have a leader to determine whatthey should do. But, in case anything disturbs them where they areperched, they will all fly away as if in a rhythm. This kindof behavior is possible because in a flock of birds, each individualbird is keen on the actions of the other birds next to it. Each birdis also attentive to the environment. In case one bird gets in apanic and flies, the bird next to it will sense the panic and fly offin the same manner, and all the rest will follow the suit. This iswhat is referred to as decentralized control. The decentralizedcontrol has been researched into and has been employed in computerprograms and games to trigger life-like behaviors. This research canalso be useful to robotics engineers. These people can be able todevelop a team of robots that has the ability to coordinate itsactions just the way a flock of birds do. It is thought that the teamcan have an advantage over solitary robots. In such a way, the robotsare able to collect information about certain specific parameters inthe environment and still be able to successfully cope withunexpected conditions. This concept has also attracted the attentionof the military, who have successfully done researches on robots. Onesuccessful research, they were able to make robots, who communicatethrough sonars, to identify certain threats. Understanding thebehaviors of the smart swarm can therefore be very important tohumans, especially researchers, engineers, military and otherdevelopers.