Syrian Refugee Crisis

SyrianRefugee Crisis

SyrianRefugee Crisis

Part1: Definition of the issue

TheUnited States has continued to show commitment to assisting theinnocent people involved in the ongoing crisis in Syria. Since March2011, when the Syrian Crisis emerged, the average humanitarianassistance remitted to Syria is around $5.1 billion. According tostatistics, U.S remains the single biggest donor of humanitarianassistance to those people who have been affected by Syria conflicts(Altorki, 2015). This is the biggest humanitarian tragedy of thecurrent era. In this regards, America is a key policymaker incultivating processes and policies for ending the crisis as well assupporting the refugees. In fact, as a world democracy and supporterof human rights, the US ought to be in the forefront in seekingsolutions to the refugee crisis.

Nonetheless,31 states governors are not supporting the idea of allowing theSyrian expatriate into their respective states. These states rangefrom Michigan, Illinois, Alabama, Texas, Georgia and New Hampshire.The majority of these states have Republican governors, which showsthe conservative perception they have in regards to refugees.Furthermore, some of the states are concerned that some of therefugees may be terrorists. However, shunning refugees is not theanswer to stopping terror attacks. The federal government and stategovernment need to scrutinize these immigrants well enough not toallow culprits to enter into American soil. This is the highest timeSyrian people need assistance and instead of shunning them away thegovernment should come up with measures of avoiding terroristentering into the United States in the name of Syrian refugee.

Part2: Research, analysis, and letter

AnnotatedBibliography

Altorki,S. (2015). ACompanion to the Anthropology of the Middle East(Vol. 27). John Wiley &amp Sons.

Thisbook seeks to explain about the crisis in the Middle East. The authorfurther expounds on refugees implications towards the internationalcommunity. The book is significant to the research as it identifiessome root causes of Middle Crises as well as offer explanation to thecurrent situation. The author looks at the aspects surrounding asylumand refugees issues by providing a historical context of the MiddleEast. In this regards, the book will offer several explanations onwhat the international community should do to avert future crises aswell as ensure that countries protect the rights of individuals.Moreover, the book will support the research in calling for countriesto accept refugees.

Sami,S., Williams, H. A., Krause, S., Onyango, M. A., Burton, A., &ampTomczyk, B. (2014). Responding to the Syrian crisis: the needs ofwomen and girls.&nbspTheLancet,&nbsp383(9923),1179-1181.

Thearticle explains the emergence of the Syrian crisis and itsimplications towards the United States and the internationalcommunity. Furthermore, the article gives an overview of the responsethat has sufficed about the crisis as well as explains why thecrisis, if unchecked may result in anarchy in other countries. It isworth noting that the article provides a comprehensive analysis ofthe needs of women, often citing how they have suffered at the handsof the ISIS. As such, the article is essential as it supports thecalls for countries to accept the refugees as one of the way ofadvancing people’s rights.

SaeedAl-Baidhani, I. (2015). TheUnited States and Syria, 1989–2014.Xlibris Corporation.

Theauthor explains about historical and political relations betweenSyria and United States. The research reveals that the conventionalaspects that connect the two nations since 1949 have sustained itssignificance. The author has also outlined the new motives andaspects that led in drawing United State policies toward Syria. Thebook also focuses on the factors that contributed to the crisis inSyria and consequences towards U.S. In this regards, the book issignificant to the research, as it offers the relationship betweenAmerica and Syria. The explanation hinges on the aspects that haveshaped the relationship thus, the need to accept refugees and seeksolutions to the crisis.

UnitedStates. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations.Subcommittee on Africa, G. H. R. (2006).&nbspCurrentissues in U.S. refugee protection and resettlement: Hearing beforethe Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and InternationalOperations of the Committee on International Relations, House ofRepresentatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, May 10,2006.Washington: U.S. G.P.O.

Thisbook explains the issues regarding the crisis, refugees, humanrights, and international relations. It outlines the protectionpolicies that have shaped previous issues especially those regardinghuman rights. The book is overly important since it gives accounts ofthe discussions and hearings of the House of Representatives.Although the book does not talk about the Syrian crisis, it issignificant to the research, as it provides an overview on howAmerica has viewed similar issues elsewhere. Furthermore, the bookgives an overview of the discussions and hearings under theSubcommittee on Human Rights thus, the discussion of refugeeprotection.

Analysis

Thewestern community is currently witnessing the biggest forcedmigration of individuals since the end of World War II. For example,Germany, one of the closest America’s allies in European countrieshas more than a million people from Iraq, Afghanistan, Eritrea andSyria. The current migration and refugees seem much more than ahumanitarian tragedy. It is a strategic challenge for the US (Sami etal., 2014). In fact, Murphy, Woodman, Roberts, and McKee (2016)assert that since 2011, when the crisis started in Syria, more than250,000 individuals have died, and roughly, 11 million peopledisplaced. The data shows the magnitude of the crisis, which ifunchecked, will see other countries suffer greatly.

Somestates in the United States are protesting the admission of refugeesespecially after the Paris terror attack as one of the suspects isbelieved to have entered into the country as a refugee. In thisregards, some American citizens think that the refugees just want toreplicate what they have done elsewhere in America especially bycreating terror cells. Only around 2000 refugees from Syrian havebeen allowed to enter into the US since 2011 (Murphy et al., 2016). However, the Obama government has declared more than 10,000 Syrianrefugees will be allowed by the end of 2016.

TheU.S provides the biggest proportion of the monetary support to theinternational agencies, which include WFP and UNHCR that give reliefsin the camps. However, these agencies remain significantly unfundedleading to overcrowding and deterioration of camps conditions. In2014, 13000 Syrian were designated by UNHCR in refugees’ camps inneed of relocation by the end of the year 2016 (Murphy et al., 2016).Traditionally United States used to resettle at least half ofdesignated refugees by UNHCR. The US should embark on this policyand take 65,000 refugees from Syria (Saeed Al-Baidhani, 2015).

Securityto American people is a serious issue, and there is no refugees’policy viable if it poses security threats to Americans. The issue ofthreats raised by the governors is out of fear. There are existingrefugees screening procedures that are effective and rigorous. Out of784000 refugees taken by the United States, less than ten have beenaccused of terrorist-related crimes, and none of them has committedattack (Altorki, 2015). However, as much as the US wants to help therefugees, the rights of people come first thus, the refugee issue isa significant and critical issue in world peace.

Letter

TheHonorable Bill NelsonUnited States Senate716 Hart SenateOffice BuildingWashington, DC 20510-0905Dear Senator:

REF:SYRIAN REFUGEES CRISIS RECOMMENDATIONS

Iherewith take this opportunity to bring to your attention thecontentious matter of Syrian refugees. More than half of the UnitedStates governors have said they will not continue letting Syrianrefugees enter into their States, as they pose serious securitythreats. I do not disregard their point of view, but the future ofmany innocent people depends on the altruistic assistance they getand especially from the United States.

Advancedmeasure needs to be put into place to avoid terrorist entering intoAmerican as refugees rather than shunning away these innocent people.An action plan is needed that give America a new picture ofleadership and assist international community while strengthening thecountry’s security. All refugees’ policies of the US are supposedto strengthen and not wane the security concern of American citizen.This discussion is a trial to US obligation to the global refugees’conventions.

Thisis a test whether the US government truly cares for refugees and isready to advance policies that protect the refugees’ rights. TheUnited States must show commitment to Middle Eastern and Europeanallies by providing hope and shelter for people running away from theSyrian crisis. This will disprove jihad messages of divisions andhate.

Theauthority of allowing refugees to the nation rests with the federalgovernment and not states government. However, resistance from thestates can make refugees suffer more and make acceptance proceduremore difficult. A bill needs to be passed that would make acceptanceof refugees easier without posing security threats. This would redeemAmerican image in the matter of refugee resettlement, and thisresettlement does not endanger American citizen.

Ilook forward to seeing this issue debated in the Senate. Thank you

References

Altorki,S. (2015). ACompanion to the Anthropology of the Middle East(Vol. 27). John Wiley &amp Sons.

Murphy,A., Woodman, M., Roberts, B., &amp McKee, M. (2016). The neglectedrefugee crisis.&nbspBMJ,&nbsp352,i484.

SaeedAl-Baidhani, I. (2015). TheUnited States and Syria, 1989–2014.Xlibris Corporation.

Sami,S., Williams, H. A., Krause, S., Onyango, M. A., Burton, A., &ampTomczyk, B. (2014). Responding to the Syrian crisis: the needs ofwomen and girls.&nbspTheLancet,&nbsp383(9923),1179-1181.

UnitedStates. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations.Subcommittee on Africa, G. H. R. (2006).&nbspCurrentissues in U.S. refugee protection and resettlement: Hearing beforethe Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and InternationalOperations of the Committee on International Relations, House ofRepresentatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, May 10,2006.Washington: U.S. G.P.O..