The Action-Observation-Reflection Model Outline Essay


TheAction-Observation-Reflection Model Outline Essay

Leadershipis established through education and experience. This leadershipmodel shows that development in leadership is enhanced when aperson`s experiences involve three different and unique processes:Action, observation, and reflection. According to Hughes (2015),there is clarity with which the three processes link with leadership.The topic that is the action-observation-reflection model will havean outline divided into four sub-topics, possible research questionsto be answered, and relevant references to the topic. Additionally,the paper will incorporate leader and follower behaviors and otherelements of the theory chosen. The paper outline chose theaction-observation-reflection model enhances leadership, which iscrucial in the societal development when the leaders apply differentset of experiences.


  • The Initial or New Experience: This subtopic is important in expounding the leadership research topic because it emphasizes on establishing new experiences during the process of establishing one`s ability to lead. The sub-topic will be based on Colin Powell`s spiral of experience example. Here, the subtopic will delve into new experiences about, not only what happens to a person, but also about how the person handles and perceives the new experiences. The initial or new experiences will also focus on its perception and how it affects the three phases that make up the leadership model action, observation, and reflection. Hughes (2015) noted that people actively construct and shape their initial experiences.

  • Reflection and observation: This sub-topic will look to connect the relationship between observation and reflection in leadership. The sub-topic is about handling emerging events around us. The sub-topic will be expounded based on Hughes`s (2015) stand that people are naturally selective in what they attend to what they, in turn, reflect. Reasons for choosing the sub-topic is that reflection sets tend to influence on individuals` senses. Therefore, the sub-topic will explain the people`s bias or tendency to perceive one particular thing and not the other. An individual`s perception, based on the sub-topic, is triggered by his or her feelings, prior experiences, needs, and expectations. Additionally, another reason for choosing the topic is because, in leadership, stereotypes are a representation of powerful impediments that require learning

  • Development of a New Concept: The sub-topic will focus on the new concept that determines leadership development. Hughes`s (2015) study on strategic planning will help with identifying certain projections that would contribute to a leader developing new concepts. The new concept, however, poses a risk factor for possible failure. In such a case, the sub-topic chosen will open up on proposing a strong incentive for any potential leader to learn.

  • Experimentation: This potential sub-topic will be based on topic`s leadership development and how it emerges from education and training. Experimentation is important because it will provide a correlation between people`s academic or education performance and future managerial and leadership success. The subtopic will allow a person to engage in taking risks through experiments to ascertain different leadership roles he or she can handle.

Possible Research Questions and Scholarly References

  1. What are some of the factors that make a given experience potent in fostering leadership or organizational growth?

This question is important in that it allows one to identify peopleone works with and the actual characteristics that make up the taskitself. Identification of these factors will encourage technicalproficiency in highlighting individual virtues to lead. These factorswould cover a person`s proficiency and competency regarding theemergence of growth of a leader.

  1. What is the correlation between reflection and leadership development?

The question describes the chosen leadership model would seek toprovide potential leaders with insights to connect problems bylooking at them from multiple perspectives and with betterunderstanding. As a matter of fact, leaders` behaviors tend to ignoresuch a correlation with probable lack of awareness or time.

  1. What is the key role of perception and how has reflection contributed to the awareness of leadership biases?

Behavioral experiences not only reflect on the leadership awarenessof bias but also would be based on the three phases of the model, andwould actively construct and shape behavioral leadership experiences.

  1. Reflecting on action and observation leadership research, what are the assumptions of better leadership model?

The question seeks to describe the model, in particular on the firsttwo phases action and observation. The question will explainaction-based organizational change initiatives and how behaviors anddecisions would affect leadership performance and consequences.

ChosenScholarly Articles

Danielson,S. B. (January 01, 2015). Participatory Approaches in EnvironmentalManagement. International Leadership Association, 363-382.

The article offers participatory approaches to leadershipmanagement, which provides leaders with decision making. Proponentsof this article will provide a shift in leadership participation,morally justified, and culturally biased authoritarian way.

Lineham, M., Morley, M., &amp Scullion, H. (2003). The management ofexpatriates: Contemporary developments and future challenges. Journalof Management Psychology, Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub.

The second journal article will provide relevant information onleadership development and future challenges in business. Behaviorsin leadership are compared to determine how it will influence thebehaviors world, employee performances, and leadership management.


Hughes, L., R. (2015). Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons ofExperience 8th edition. New York, New York, USA: McGraw-HillEducation.