TheAmerican Revolution of 1963 to 1983
TheAmerican Revolution of 1963 to 1983
Thefreedom experienced today by most of the American citizens wasachieved through a series of struggles between the Native Americanpeople and other foreign governments such as the British. TheAmerican Revolution can be traced back to 1763. During this periods,the British government had established a tight lordly rein. TheBritish government began facing rivalry from other colonies in thenation due to their newly created land policy and the arrival of theBritish Armies in the region. The competition grew to the point ofrejection of the British monarchy hence the Revolution in America andthe creation of the United States. Different events led to thisestablishment (Brading,1993).
TheAccounts of the Revolution
In1765, the authority of the British Parliament to tax the members ofthe American Colonial Society was rejected, and protests continued toescalate in the preceding decades. The escalation of the protests wasexperienced in some occasions such as the Boston Tea group in 1773where the Patriots’ protest led to a destruction of the delivery oftaxed tea from the parliament prepared and preferred East IndiaCompany. As a result of the damages, the Britons imposed punitivelaws such the Coercive Act on Massachusetts (Countryman, 2012). In1774, a group of colonialist called the Patriots came up with analternative government to strengthen their resistance whereas othercolonialists referred to as Loyalists remained aligned with theBritish government.
Therivalry later resulted in a Revolutionary War between 1775 and 1783in an escalation of tension between the Patriots and the Britishregulars. The Patriots from the thirteen colonies ganged together toform the Provincial Congress and took over power from the earlycolonial governments and outdid the Loyal group. The Patriots formedthe Continental Army, and George Washington established as its leaderand General. With the army, the tyrannical rule of King George IIIwas challenged. The states were declared free and independent by theContinental Congress on July 1776.
ThePatriots advocated for a liberalism and republicanism in America andopposed the aristocracy and monarchy established by the Britishgovernment (Brading,1993).They believed and professed that all the individuals were createdequally and should have the freedom to conduct their duties in a freemanner. The Congress also precluded the call by the Britishgovernment which advocated for loyalty to the royalty and theabandonment of independence (Murray, 2013). In 1776, the British werefled from Boston but held the city of New York throughout the warperiod but failed to outdo the Washington’s forces. Several warserupted and attracted other nations such as the French, who enteredthe war as the United States’ ally. The weakening of the Britisharmies was experienced after the capture of one group during theBattle of Saratoga and after a combined force of the American and theFrench troops in 1781. The seizing of the forces led to a weakeningof the British forces thus ending the war in the same year. In 1983,the Treaty of Paris officially resulted at the end of the conflicts(Murray, 2013). The United States, therefore, took charge of theterritories in the southern parts of the great lakes and the easternside of Mississippi.
Therevolution led to the creation of a new constitution for the citizensof the United States. There was also an expansion of the voter’srights and the creation of governments that were responsible forfulfilling the will of the people.
Brading,D. A. (1993). TheFirst America: The Spanish Monarchy, Creole Patriots and the LiberalState 1492-1866.Cambridge University Press.
Countryman,E., & Foner, E. (2012). TheAmerican Revolution.New York: Hill and Wang.
Murray,S. (2013). AmericanRevolution.New York: DK Pub.