The Battle of the Wounded Knee

TheBattle of the Wounded Knee

TheBattle of the Wounded Knee

WoundedKnee is a place that brought high level of conflict between the U.Sgovernment and the North American Indians. There was a clash in theyear 1890 between the federal troops and the Sioux. The clash leftseveral women and Native Americans dead especially the men and women.This situation led to the protests from the American Indian Movement(AIM) members who camped the area for almost seventy-one dayscomplaining of the reservation.

Thesource of the conflict was the Ghost Dance that was held at PineRidge, a spiritual movement that made the Indians believed that thesufferings they were going through were because they abandoned theirtraditional customs and accepted the ways of the white men (Scherer,2015). The U.S police arrested the Sioux chief and killed him asituation that led to increased tension in the area. The U.S Armysurrounded the place and ordered the dancers to surrender theirweapons. A fight erupted between a U.S soldier and the Indians beforethey responded to the order. A shot was fired and what followed was abrutal massacre whereby women and children were the most affected.After the massacre, some Indian activists formed AIM that was meantto stop the police harassment. AIM received national recognition, butthey were besieged while at Wounded Knee. The siege that lasted for71 days witnessed gunfire exchange between the AIM members and thefederal officer (Burch, 2010).

Thefights at the Wounded Knee would have been stopped if the U.S Armywere on a revenge mission. When the troops surrounded the GhostDancers, it was unclear where the gunshot came from this led to thedancers engaging the Army.

References

Burch,J. (2010). Wounded Knee: Party Politics and the Road to an AmericanMassacre. LibraryJournal,135(7), 93-95.

Scherer,M. R. (2015). American Carnage: Wounded Knee, 1890. AmericanIndian Culture &amp Research Journal,39(2), 129-131. doi:10.17953/aicrj.39.2.reviews.