Running Header: THE IS PROCESSES IN MANAGEMENT 1
TheIS processes in Management
Information systems (IS) are computer software and hardware systemswhich support applications that are data intensive (Kroenke, 2015).They utilize different designs and are implemented in variouslanguages, data models, algorithms and process models. Informationsystems are now used by many management teams to support managers inthe implementation of the company’s decisions, strategies andgoals. Managers use the decision support systems to improve the speedas well as the nature of decisions. Some of the IS systems includeERP system, EDP reporting systems, portfolio analysis systems, salesinformation systems, source and application of funds budget systems,marketing decision systems, proposing and decision making systems.These systems provide the data required in decision making.
Managers use these IS systems in many ways. They use them in thefollowing ways: retrieval of isolated data ad hoc analysis of filesobtaining standard reports from pre-programmed aggregations of dataproposing decisions estimating the outcomes and consequences ofproposed decisions and finally making final decisions. Thesedecisions are achieved in a timely manner and in an up-to-datefashion. Managers are therefore able to make decisions in theirrespective departments using the mentioned support systems to come upwith better and effective decisions for the organization (Kroenke,2015). Although their use is necessary, managers should adopt ways tosubvert the shortcomings of these systems such as improvinginterpersonal communications, fostering problem solving, individuallearning and organizational control.
Employees often resist changes in technology because of the possibleloss of jobs, extra work for remaining workers and fear of usingcomplex systems (Kroenke, 2015). Employees are always againstlearning new techniques and adopting new technologies unfamiliar tothem. To solve this, they should be trained regularly and involved inactive implementation of such systems. This helps them appreciate theimportance of IS in company performance and success.
Kroenke, D. M. (2015). USINGMIS 2015 – Chapter 7- Information Systems.Prentice Hall. Retrieved from,<https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/api/v0/books/9781323268841/print?from=337&to=384>12 March, 2016,