ROBOTICS TECHNOLOGY 1
The world is undergoing tremendous changes in technologicaladvancements. The innovators are working tirelessly to come up withinstruments that are effective in making work easier. In every walkof life, there are machines that people can apply to carry outvarious functions. The use of robots, therefore, is gainingpopularity every day with some people supporting the idea and othersbeing very skeptical about their role in interfering with human life.Robotics focuses on the application of machines as well as computersystems to control them.
The Issue: Is this Technology a Threat or Beneficial?
Robots carry out complex activities in an effective way at a highspeed. Subsequently, they enhance accuracy and precision. Unlikehuman beings that may not carry out a related action with a uniformaccuracy and precision, robots are very efficient. In the currentworld, robotics makes it easy for people to perform tediousactivities both at home and in the industries (Robotwork, 2012).Japan is one of the prime examples in the world, whereby, most of theactivities in the industries use robotic applications. Due to thelack of employees to carry out functions in industries, roboticsplays an important role in carrying out the functions. However, inplaces where there are many workers without any engagement, roboticshas proved to be a controversial issue. Some people support the laborintensive methods to complete certain activities. Therefore, theproponents argue that robotics are beneficial in the current changingworld while others feel that they are a threat to human employabilityand their safety. This paper will focus on the arguments provided bythe two sides and provide the premises in which they rely on tojustify their claims.
Benefits of Robotics
First, the primary benefit associated with robotics is the ability ofrobots to perform tasks faster and more accurately than human beings.Robots are instrumental inputs in various manufacturing and researchfacilities. Experts apply them in various settings to achieve severalfunctions that would have otherwise not been achieved by human beings(Robotwork, 2012). Robots produce desirable outcomes in a minimumtime, and they are more accurate than human. The new technology aimsat improving the productivity and accuracy of the machines. Humanbeings should develop a positive attitude towards robots since theyperform tasks in the least time possible. Moreover, robots workwithout ceasing or taking occasional breaks, a behavior that iscommon to human beings. They do not also need to go for holidays ormandatory leaves. When correctly operated, they rarely make mistakes(Robotwork, 2012). Robots create jobs for technicians, programmers,and engineers. Contrary to the belief that robots result to massunemployment, robots create employment for skilled employees.
Secondly, most citizens, especially in developed countries, are verybusy in their places of work and they barely have time to conduct thelight duties in their homes (Robotwork, 2012). For example, theyrarely have time to clean houses, clothes, mowing lawns among others.Without the application of robotics, people would be going back todisorganized homes (Easton, 2015). Some of the activities conductedat home may take a long time to compete. For example, it would take aconsiderable long time to clean carpets of scrub the floors. By usingrobots, it becomes easy to carry them out without having toreschedule some of the important duties at the various places ofwork. Robots produce products in a very less time and that too withquality and more accurate. As a new technology, robots produce moreaccurate and high quality of work (Easton, 2015).
Also, robots contribute to improved quality of products. Industriesdealing with complex processes may require the use a large workforcethat would constantly be in the long run (Easton, 2015). Asmentioned. Robots are very accurate, and they can work for longperiods than the most efficient human beings. For example, in carmanufacturing industries, robots perform activities uniformly, andhundreds of wheels can be fixed at the press of a button. The qualityof the final product consequently increases. Some of the complexactivities are only desirable if there is uniformity in the finalproducts. Maintaining these characteristics in products ischallenging with human effort. Although industries invest hugecapital to purchase robots, it is a wise move since it reduces thecost of labor and production (Easton, 2015). Developed countries areintensifying their manufacturing sector while some industries indeveloping countries are still struggling in a stringent economy.Robots can perform simple tasks with a lot of precision. For example,they can clean the floor and sweep the dirt. Some robots can alsorecharge themselves through a smart charging system. Besides, robotscan carry and move fixtures within the premises with amazing speed.In most manufacturing industries, lifting and moving objects is arepeated activity. Human laborers require a break, and they can onlycarry a small load. However, robots carry huge loads and they canrepeat the activity without tiring like human laborers.
Safety is another major workplace benefit associated with robots.Most of the activities that robots perform are very tedious andsometimes risky. For example, in car manufacturing industries, thereis a possibility of human laborers sustaining regular injuries in theworkshops (Easton, 2015). However, robots are not as delicate ashuman beings. Their application puts human beings in supervisoryroles in an improved environment. Robots are also very efficient intest activities whereby researchers are shy of exposing human beingsto environments that they are not confident if the conditions thatsurround them. For example, in space explorations, they deploy robotsto risky areas and extract the necessary data. They can, therefore,analyze the conditions of the various conditions in the new nichesbefore deploying human beings.
Threats Associated with Robotics
However, some people believe that robots are a threat in theworkplace. Most people believe that the use of robots in theworkplace render many people unemployed. A workplace activityperformed by ten human laborers can be performed by one robot. Theacquiring of several such habits reduces the need to have humanworkers (Griffiths, 2015). The loss of jobs beats the purpose oftaking children to school to learn skills that only become obsoleteafter industries adopt the use of robots. The argument that robotsprovide opportunities to the technicians with the revenants skills tooperate them is rather weak because the management only requires oneindividual operate one robot. In developing countries, the situationis worse since the majority of the people are semi-skilled andunskilled. Hundreds of them lose jobs to robots. They argue that thetransfer of robotics from the developed countries to the developingcountries is a threat to the employability of the residents in theseareas whereby companies rely on human labor. The lack of strongpolicies to regulate the use of robots in industries leaves most ofthe decisions regarding their applications at the hands of companyowners. Their financial muscle can enable them to procure robots thatcan perform the duties of tens of people more efficiently and at alower cost than when they rely on human labor.
Also, robots are expensive depending on their size and complexity.Due to the increased demand in the industries, some of the robotsmanufactured are substandard, and they may put people’s lives indanger. Such robots only function for a limited time and thecompanies incur high costs of repair and replacement. They can resultin losses in the long-run due to regular interference with theproduction activities. In highly sensitive processes, faulty robotscan result in fatal outcomes. For example, some of the processesthat require utmost care require very efficient robots. As mentioned,some of the robots may have defects during their manufacturing, andthey pose a danger to human lives. During surgical operations,defective robots can lead to fatal situations. Since they aremachines, most of them rely on electrical power and manufacturingprecision to complete such tasks. Poor energy backup systems canresult in delayed activities leading the need to restructure theactivities in a workplace. It is unlike human beings who can worktogether and exchange ideas during high-risk activities. Roboticscan, therefore, be a threat to human life in high-risk operations.
Another threat is that it is, difficult for human beings to livewithout applying robots to perform various functions. For example,people need mobile phones, vacuum cleaners, washers among others.However, with the ever improving technology, robotics is takingcharge of most of the activities that human beings ought to perform(Griffiths, 2015). The trend is, therefore, a threat to human life.Today, more than any other time in history, many people are sufferingfrom lifestyle diseases due to lack of exercise (Ingram, 2015). Theactivities that would engage people in exercise is including lawnmowing, changing wheels, walking, scrubbing among others are nowperformed by robots. In the developed countries there is apossibility of robots taking charge of virtually any human activitythat requires their efforts. Across the world, people use robots tomake their lives efficient but on te other hand compromise theirhealth and social life.
The two schools of thought regarding the applicator of roboticsprovide a situation that is easy to judge depending on the premisespresented in the arguments. First it is clear that human beingscannot live without using robots to perform some of the activitiesespecially the ones that require a high-level of accuracy, safety andefficiency (Ingram, 2015). However, people cannot apply them withoutconsidering the side effects that they bring. Determining a commonground for the two sides would result in the responsible and healthyuse of robots.
Secondly, the developed countries can continue using robotics intheir high-value activities and to solve the issue of few employees(Griffiths, 2015). However, industries in the developing countriesshould not adopt robotics at the same rate of with those in thedeveloping countries (Ingram, 2015). In the poorly developedcountries, there are many skilled youths without employment. Theintensive use of robots would only increase the number of unemployedyouths.
In conclusion, technological innovators are working very hard to comeup with new devices and improve the efficiency of the existing ones.The trend they have taken makes it difficult for any divergent forceto alter them from their purpose. Also, even those who oppose theapplication of robotics agree that they are useful in performingvarious functions if used responsibly in the different contexts.Those supporting robotics quote their accuracy, precisions, speed anduniformity in the performance of duties in the industries. Thoseopposed to their use cite the danger they pose to human health due totheir dependence on power and experienced users. However, should theconditions be met, the use of robots would prove safe and accurate.There should be legislations, however, to control their use to ensurethat’s they contribute to improved lives rather than to contributeto more agony resulting from the lack of employment especially I thedevelopment centuries. The manufacturers should also be clear ontheir side effects and create awareness of the best way to integratethem into people’s daily lives. It is difficult, therefore, toplace robotics as a threat or a benefit since it all depends on thecontext of the application and the legislations put in place tocontrol its use. If used responsibly, it can result in efficientlives and increased productivity. Conversely, overusing robotswithout striking a balance between the industrial and human needs canlead a conflict in various contexts.
Easton, A. (2015).The challenges and benefits of robotics in the next5 years. WT VOX. Retrieved fromhttps://wtvox.com/robotics/the-challenges-and-benefits-of-robotics-in-the-next-5-years/
Griffiths, S. (2015, 29 June). Artificial intelligence is a very realthreat – and robots could wipe out humanity by accident. Mailonline. Web. Retrieved on 7 March fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3143275/Artificial-intelligence-real-threat-robots-wipe-humanity-ACCIDENT-claims-expert.html
Ingram, D.(2015). The disadvantages of manufacturing technology. Chron.Retrieved fromhttp://smallbusiness.chron.com/disadvantages-manufacturing-technology-18665.html
Robotwork.(2012). Benefits of robots. RoortWork: Retrieved fromhttps://www.robots.com/articles/viewing/benefits-of-robots