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Evaluate Logical Arguments Worksheet

PHL/251 Version 7

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Evaluate LogicalArguments Worksheet

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Access the official White House web page at(www.whitehouse.gov) and go to the link for Speeches and Remarks(http://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-and-remarks).

Choose one of the speeches from the last month and read thespeech carefully.

Namethe article and the source identification of your chosen speech.

Part1

Matrix

Question

Insert your responses in the rows below.

Author/Speaker

President Barrack Obama

Purpose/Thesis

The US remains committed to the fight against ISIL and the diplomacy efforts aimed at cessation of hostilities. Also, substantive progress has been made in incapacitating ISIL

Support of the thesis or claim

ISIL’s core in Iraq and Syria has been significantly squeezed. In fact, ISIL has lost over 40% of the territory it once controlled in Iraq alone. Over 10,000 strikes have destroyed terrorist forces, heavy weapons, and infrastructure. ISIL has failed to launch a major operation in either Iraq or Syria for months. Mounting reports of defection prove that the ISIL’s resources have dwindled to the extent of being unable to compensate its fighters.

Identify three rhetorical devices or fallacies you find in your text.

  • Repetition

  • Anecdote

  • Appeal to emotion and logic

How does each of the rhetorical devices or fallacies affect the persuasive quality of the speech?

Repetition helps to emphasize an idea and thereby reinforce the impact in the reader’s mind. For example, the speaker mentions that the airstrikes continue to take out ISIL leaders “one after another after another.”

Using an anecdote helps to authenticate the material in the speech and help the reader to gain perspective. This is seen when the speaker tells the story of a Syrian relieved to be back home in Kobani.

The speaker provides detailed pieces of evidence to appeal to logic by engendering deductive reasoning. The speaker also describes the starved children in Syria to appeal to emotion.

Part 2

Short-Essay Response

Write a 350- to 700-word response explaining either why or whyyou were not convinced by the argument.

The Remarks by the President of the United States on progress againstISIL were delivered on February 25, 2016. President Obama presentedvarious facts and cases in point to prove that the battle againstISIL was yielding encouraging results. Indeed, America, with itscoalition partners, was winning the war against ISIL. Strong evidencewas also presented to show the increasing strength of the coalitionforces. Credible reasons were also given to explain the pertinentdifficulties that frustrated ultimate victory and prosperity to theresidents of Syria and Iraq.

The President used deductive reasoning to appeal to logic. Hisremarks were accompanied by corroborating evidence. As mentioned, theaim of the speech was to show that the battle against ISIL was beingwon on all fronts. In this regard, plenty of supporting facts andstatements were issued. For example, the US has launched over 10,000air strikes that have vanquished ISIL militants and destroyed theirinfrastructure and artillery. The militant group has failed to launchany fresh terrorist attacks in either Iraq or Syria. Backed by themight of coalition forces, Iraqi armies have successfully pushed ISILout of Ramadi town. In fact, ISIL has lost over 40% of the territoryit previously controlled in Iraq. Syrian forces are also battling tosqueeze ISIL out of Raqqa by cutting off supply lines and highways.The US has also enhanced air strikes against ISIL oil infrastructure.Consequently, their revenues from oil production have dwindled.Reports of defection prove the dissatisfaction of underpaid ISILfighters. Local populations have borne the brunt of reduced ISILearnings through heavy taxes and fines (Obama, 2016). Thepresentation of so many facts and supporting statements proves beyondreasonable doubt that America is winning the war against ISIL.

President Obama uses a similar approach in his discussion of theenhanced strength of the coalition. The massive coalition now boastsof 66 members inclusive of Arab forces. Besides, most of the militarypartners had consented to increasing their share in the fight againstISIL. For example, Canada has tripled its army personnel to adviseand train Iraqi forces. The Dutch army had joined the airstrike teamin Syria. Also, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have also increased theircommitments to the coalition force. President Obama also explains thestumbling blocks that have so far hampered cessation of hostilities.The US insists that incumbent President of Syria, Bashar al-Assad hasto leave office for there to be peace and prosperity among Syriansand other members of the Middle East peninsula (Obama, 2016).

Conclusion

The remarks by the President are accompanied with plenty of facts andcorroborating evidence. The reader has an opportunity to considermany bits of information before arriving at a conclusion. Theargument presented is convincing because it is supported by factsthat appeal to logic.

Reference

Obama, B. (2016, February 25). Remarks by the President onProgress Against ISIL. Retrieved fromhttps://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/02/25/remarks-president-progress-against-isil

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