Women in the Wars of Independence Pre-Colonial Latin America


Womenin the Wars of Independence Pre-Colonial Latin America

Chaney,Elsa M. Supermadre:Women in Politics in Latin America.University of Texas Press, 2014.

Chaneyconcentrates on the role played by women in Latin America. In thissecondary source Chaney indicates that women’s role in LatinAmerican politics were extensions of their roles as mothers andwives. The book thematically introduces the position of women in theregion and their roles as outlined by the society. He then proceedsto show how their socially constructed roles extended to thepolitical arena and make significant impact. The author extensivelyrefers to the findings of various authors with an interest in therole of women in Latin America. According to the author, women areincreasingly taking part in influencing political decisions and thecurrent trend is a continuation of the fire they lit during thepre-colonial period. I agree with his findings that women play asignificant role in politics when they participate fully towardspublic life.

Navarro,Marysa, Virginia Sánchez Korrol, and Kecia Ali. Womenin Latin America and the Caribbean: restoring women to history.Indiana University Press, 1999.

Navarroexamine the role played by women as their political and genderideology during the pre and post colonial periods. The author notesthe barriers of class and race as some of the barriers to women’sparticipation in politics. The author also chronologically presentsher ideas y drawing the culture of the Latin women before and afterthe colonial period. She includes the findings of other authors tobuild her world ad to include the imperative roe played by women inthe fight for independence. I agree with the authors finding thatthere has been great societal transformations that have seen womencontinue to act as activists to eliminate political exploitation andinequality.

Byam,Melanie. &quotThe Modernization of Resistance: Latin American Womensince 1500.&quot UndergraduateReview4, no. 1 (2008): 145-150.

Byamdiscusses the source of the modern resistance seen in women todaythat have roots it to the pre-colonial period in Latin America. Inthe secondary source, the author indicates that fighting patriarchywas the main focus of women movements. However, they extended theirefforts into the political arena. Their inclination to traditionalculture remained a political weapon that prevented them from undueinfluence by the colonizers. The author thematically presents hisideas by pointing out the characteristics and roles of women both inthe pre-colonial and post colonial times. A researcher can getinformation on other works compiled by other researchers as cited byByam. I agree with the author that women formed an intricate part ofpolitical resistance through their societal accepted responsibilitiesand these were not of less resistance than the struggle put up bymen.

Bakewell,P. J., and Jacqueline Zuzann Holler. Ahistory of Latin America to 1825.Chichester: U.K, 2010. Wiley-Blackwell.http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=819375.

Inthis primary source, the authors explore the history of Latin Americafrom the period the first human settlements were established until1825 when independent Iberian colonies and sovereign states emerged.The main topic covered in the book is the history of Africans, womenand gender in the Iberian as well as Pre-Columbian Colonies. Overall,the source focuses on analyzing cultural and social history of womenin Latin America. The comprehension of the responsibility of womenwill help to understand their significance in the liberation war. Thesource states that women were major stakeholders in the pre-colonialAmerica as they were they facilitated transportation of war suppliesand information. I agree with the findings since women are oftenconsidered harmless in combat however, they play an essential roleof supporting the fighters with information and other necessitiessuch as ammunitions and food.

Byam,Melanie. “The Modernization of Resistance: Latin America WomenSince 1500.” UndergraduateReview(2008): 145-150.

Inthis peer-reviewed article, the author identifies patriarchy as theprimary obstruction of women from participating in the wars ofindependence. The article is a secondary source and it mainly coversmainly the methods women used to overcome the patriarchal attitudethat colonists put into them. The author attributes acculturation asthe primary motivation of women engaging in the wars of independencein pre-colonial Latin America, as they wanted to feel free andpractice their culture independently. I agree with the author’sviews since the pre-colonists introduced policies that encouragedpatriarchy in Latin American societies, which in turn gave men a lotof power over women. For example, men had access to education andjobs while many women were turned into mere homemakers.

Baldez,Lisa. “Nonpartisanship as a Political Strategy: Women Left, Right,and Center in Chile.” RadicalWomen in Latin America: Left and Right.González, Victoria, and Karen Kampwirth. University Park:Pennsylvania University State Press, 2001. 273-297.

Thissecondary source explores the functions of women in independence warof pre-colonial Latin America. The author provides that women createnonpartisan terms when addressing the issues affecting them. I agreewith the author’s findings because women tend to unite unanimouslywhen a common enemy faces them. In this case, the enemy is therestrictions enhanced by the pre-colonial patriarchal beliefs.

Deere,Carmen Diana and Magdalena Leon. “The Gender Asset Gap: Land inLatin America.” WorldDevelopment 31(2003): 6. 925–947. Doi: 10.1016/S0305-750X(03)00046-9.

Inthis secondary source, the authors explore the value of land towomen, particularly in Latin America. The authors use primary sourcesand secondary sources to bring out the motivation of the pre-colonialLatin America’s women to engage in the war so that they couldacquire farming land. The article claims that men in Latin Americatend to own most property, but the pre-colonial independence war bywomen intended to bring equality of property ownership among allgenders. In my view, I agree with the author that the gender assetgap in Latin America was an adequate drive for the women toparticipate in the war actively.

Waylena,Georgina. “Women`s Movements and Democratization in Latin America.”ThirdWorld Quarterly14(1993):3.573-587. DOI:10.1080/01436599308420343

Inthis secondary resource journal, the authors focus on thecontribution of independence war towards democratization in LatinAmerica. Considering that women were oppressed by the Latin Americanpatriarchal culture, they were determined to participate in thepre-colonial independent wars. The idea of establishing a democraticleadership promised equality for everyone.

Márquez,Humberto. “Latin America: Women in History – More than JustHeroines.” Interpress Service News Agency, 8 Sept. 2009. AccessedMarch 18 2016.http://www.ipsnews.net/2009/09/latin-america-women-in-history-more-than-just-heroines/

Thearticle is a secondary source that uses primary sources to prove thesignificance of women in independence war in pre-colonial LatinAmerica.