World Religions Apocalyptic and Metaphysical Communities

World Religions: Apocalyptic and Metaphysical Communities 1

WorldReligions: Apocalyptic and Metaphysical Communities

WorldReligions: Apocalyptic and Metaphysical Communities

America has abroad diversity of religious beliefs. People fall to their devotionsand commit their lives to it, at least in their lifetime. Therefore,religion seems to be a vital aspect of humanity. America hostsvarious religions, and among them, there are communities that adhereto Apocalypticism and Metaphysics.

Apocalypticcommunities tend to belief in the transformation of the world throughdivine intervention. It is a process whereby cataclysmic strugglebetween cosmic forces of good and evil will result to a perfect worldafter transformation. The whole dogma is caught up in a popularphrase-“Judgment day will soon begin.” The phrase is anoversimplification of apocalyptic philosophies. Such apocalypticcommunities believe in God and thus are popular among themonotheistic religions. The religion is seen as a recent arrival onthe world’s religious arena. However, the apocalyptic ideology thatsupports it has been around form about two millennia. Arguably, anumber of scholars have traced the origin of apocalypticism to areligious foresight found in ancient Persia at about (628-551BCE).The word apocalypticism means “reveal”, and it was obtainedfrom Greek teachings. The perfect world shall be revealed to thedevotees after transformation. Notable communities in this doctrineare the Jehovah Witness and Seventh Day Adventist. In as much as theybelieve in the apocalypse, these two communities have religiousdifferences. For instance, the Seventh Day Adventists considerthemselves as Protestants (evangelical conservatives) whereas theJehovah Witnesses are more critical to Protestantism. The Seventh DayAdventists observe their Sabbath on Saturdays, and this is one of themain differences with other monotheistic religions. The JehovahWitnesses oppose the existence of the Holy Trinity and thus arguethat Jesus was the initial creation. In their devotee years, thewitnesses are considered as ordained ministers who spread missionarywork.

Each of thesereligions have its founders- Ellen G. White founded the Seventh DayAdventists while Charles Taze Russell founded the Jehovah Witnesses.With widespread evangelical preaching, many communities have beenconverted to such doctrines and so apocalypticism is ever growing.

Metaphysics is abranch of science and philosophy that places priority on the ultimatenature of pure reality. The term metaphysical means “beyond thephysical.” Therefore, in the sense of religious communities,metaphysics combines the different groups that share the generalbelief that the physical world comes second after the supernaturalworld, which is a higher and divine form. Human beings are seen asone of the building pillars of the higher spiritual world. Arguably,gaining a higher spiritual form puts control over the physical world.In this dogma, there exist two essential religions, and which areChristian Science and Theosophy.

Christian Sciencewas founded and developed by Mary Baker Eddy, in the 19th century inNew England. It started with twenty-six followers who were governedby the popular text- Science, and Health with Key to the Scriptures.The doctrine places emphasis on the influence of “positivethinking.” In most cases, the devotees of Christian Science avoidmedical care and insist on the power of prayer for healing purposes.Such practices have led to the death of their children and ailingadults as well.

Theosophy wasfounded Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and Henry Steel Olcott in 1875, inNew York City. The history of this religion was based on the idea ofinterest in Spiritualism. It conveys occultism into the mainstreamculture. Its main purpose is to explore the basis of the world,humanity, and divinity. In that endeavor, Theosophy seeks toinvestigate the mysteriousness of nature and the hidden power of man.Nonetheless, it serves the main master, that is, to form a nucleus ofUniversal Brotherhood devoid of any form of prejudice ordiscrimination. Some of the common practices are meditation andveganism and other simple ceremonious events.